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Amendment 41: Term Reform Act

Offline Lashnakia

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on: October 24, 2021, 01:12:37 pm
Amendment 41: Term Reform Act

Purpose: To merge general and midterm elections to promote competition and further the democratic process.

Authors: Lashnakia and Salibaic

Existing Clauses, §E.1-§E.2.3

1. The House shall consist of Representatives from the Union.
2. The total number of seats in the House of Representatives shall be decided at the start of every House election.
2.1. The Union at-large shall be allocated one seat for every twenty World Assembly nations it possesses.
2.2. Each state and the capital shall be allocated two seats and one additional seat for every ten World Assembly nations they possess.
2.3. Each territory shall be allocated a single seat.

New Clauses, §E.1-§E.2.3

1. The House shall consist of Representatives from the Union.
2. The total number of seats in the House of Representatives shall be decided at the start of every House election.
2.1. The Union at-large shall be allocated one seat for every twenty World Assembly nations it possesses.
2.1.1 These shall be collectively referred to as Union list seats.
2.2. Each state and the capital shall be allocated two seats and one additional seat for every ten World Assembly nations they possess.
2.2.1 These shall be collectively referred to as constituency seats.
2.3. Each territory shall be allocated a single seat.


Existing Section, Article H: Elections

1. Stages

1.1. Elections shall begin with candidacy declarations, which shall be open for three days.
1.1.1. In midterm elections, registered political parties and independent candidates shall be able to declare their candidacy, with parties being required to provide lists of candidates for the allocated seats. They may only choose candidates from that list if they are allocated seats, unless extraordinary circumstances, such as an absence, or a list candidate leaving the party, require otherwise.
1.2. Following this, a debate, open to questions by all citizens, shall be held for three days.
1.3. The last stage shall be voting, which shall be held for four days.
1.4. Following the completion of one stage in an election, the next stage shall begin within twelve hours.
1.5. Should circumstances necessitate it, each stage may be shortened by up to one day. The length of a stage may not be changed once that stage has begun.

2. Voting

2.1. Voting for Prime Minister shall follow this process:
2.1.1. If there are two candidates, voters shall choose their preferred candidate and the candidate with a majority of votes shall be elected. If there are more than two candidates, voters may rank their preferred candidates. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked one, their second favorite two, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once. Only a voter’s last preference(s) may be marked as an abstention.
2.1.2. First preference votes shall be counted initially. If a candidate achieves a majority after this, they shall be elected. Otherwise, the candidate with the least votes shall be eliminated and the second preferences of that candidate's voters shall be counted instead. This process of elimination and counting next preferences shall be repeated until one candidate has a majority of votes.
2.1.2.1. If no candidate can be eliminated or more than one can be eliminated, the second preferences of all voters shall take the place of first preference ones. If a candidate has a majority of votes at this stage, they shall be elected. Otherwise, this process shall be repeated with each successive preference until it is possible to eliminate just one candidate.
2.1.2.2. If all of a voter's preferences have been eliminated, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.1.2.3. Abstentions shall not be considered in determining whether or not a candidate has achieved a majority.
2.2. The voting process shall vary between general and midterm elections for seats in the House of Representatives.
2.2.1. In general elections, residents of the capital, states, and territories may rank their preferred candidates to fill the seats indicated in §E.2.2. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked one, their second favorite two, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once. Only a voter’s last preference(s) may be marked as an abstention.
2.2.1.1. The total number of votes cast in each region divided by the number of seats allocated to that region shall determine how many votes a candidate is required to gain a seat representing it. If this is not a whole number, it shall be rounded to the nearest one. Abstentions shall not be considered when determining the total number of votes cast.
2.2.1.2. Each candidate who receives the required number of votes shall be elected.
2.2.1.2.1. In the first round, those candidates with the required number of votes in voters’ first preferences shall be elected. If any such candidate achieves more votes than required, then their surplus votes shall be transferred to their voters’ second preference candidates, or if these candidates have already been elected or eliminated, then to their third preference candidates and so on.
2.2.1.3. In the second round, if there are still unallocated seats and multiple candidates who have not yet been elected, the candidate(s) with the least votes shall automatically be eliminated. Votes for these candidate(s) shall be transferred to their voters’ second preference, third preference, or likewise ordered candidates until an unelected and uneliminated candidate exists to which the vote can be transferred. This round shall continue until all candidates have been elected or eliminated.
2.2.1.4. If all of a voter's preferences have been counted, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.2.1.5. This process shall be repeated with the capital and each state or territory until the total number of seats allocated are filled. If any allocated seats cannot be filled, they shall be considered absent as indicated in §G.
2.2.2. In midterm elections, Union residents may cast their vote for a registered political party or an independent candidate.
2.2.2.1. Each party and each independent candidate shall be allocated seats according to the total number of votes cast divided by the number of available seats and this calculation shall determine how many votes a party or independent candidate needs to gain a seat. Abstentions shall not be considered in this calculation.
2.2.2.1.1. An independent candidate may not be allocated more than one seat in this process.
2.3. If for any reason, an election ends with no candidate holding a majority of the vote, whether by process of elimination or otherwise, another vote, following the same procedures and lasting one day, shall be held. If there is only one candidate in that contest, their seat shall be considered absent as indicated in §G.
2.4. If there is only one candidate for a position, voters must approve of that candidate with a simple majority in order for them to be elected.

3. Oversight

3.1. All stages of general and midterm elections shall be started, overseen, and run by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
3.2. The Speaker shall be responsible for ensuring the citizens of the Union are informed of the start of each election stage, no later than twelve hours after each stage has begun. They must ensure all citizens are notified both by telegram and on the Union’s regional Discord servers.
3.3. If the Speaker is unable to perform these duties, the responsibility of doing so shall fall to the Deputy Speaker. If for whatever reason, the Deputy Speaker is unable to fulfill these duties either, the Founder shall be endowed with them.

4. General Elections

4.1. These shall be held to elect the Prime Minister and all capital, state, and territorial representatives in the House.
4.2. They shall begin on the first of March, July, and November.

5. Midterm Elections

5.1. These shall be held to elect the Union's representatives in the House.
5.2. They shall begin on the first of January, May, and September.
6. If an emergency election is held less than or equal to one month before a regularly scheduled election, the regularly scheduled election shall be canceled. Emergency elections for the House of Representatives must be for: all Union-wide seats, all capital, state, and territorial seats, and/or all seats in a regional constituency.


New Section, Article H: Elections

1. Stages

1.1. Elections shall begin with candidacy declarations, which shall be open for three days.
1.1.1. In midterm elections, registered political parties and independent candidates shall be able to declare their candidacy, with parties being required to provide lists of candidates for the allocated seats. They may only choose candidates from that list if they are allocated seats, unless extraordinary circumstances, such as an absence, or a list candidate leaving the party, require otherwise.
1.2. Following this, a debate, open to questions by all citizens, shall be held for three days.
1.3. The last stage shall be voting, which shall be held for four days.
1.4. Following the completion of one stage in an election, the next stage shall begin within twelve hours.
1.5. Should circumstances necessitate it, each stage may be shortened by up to one day. The length of a stage may not be changed once that stage has begun.

2. Voting

2.1. Voting for Prime Minister shall follow this process:
2.1.1. If there are two candidates, voters shall choose their preferred candidate and the candidate with a majority of votes shall be elected. If there are more than two candidates, voters may rank their preferred candidates. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked one, their second favorite two, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once. Only a voter’s last preference(s) may be marked as an abstention.
2.1.2. First preference votes shall be counted initially. If a candidate achieves a majority after this, they shall be elected. Otherwise, the candidate with the least votes shall be eliminated and the second preferences of that candidate's voters shall be counted instead. This process of elimination and counting next preferences shall be repeated until one candidate has a majority of votes.
2.1.2.1. If no candidate can be eliminated or more than one can be eliminated, the second preferences of all voters shall take the place of first preference ones. If a candidate has a majority of votes at this stage, they shall be elected. Otherwise, this process shall be repeated with each successive preference until it is possible to eliminate just one candidate.
2.1.2.2. If all of a voter's preferences have been eliminated, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.1.2.3. Abstentions shall not be considered in determining whether or not a candidate has achieved a majority.
2.2. The voting process shall be as follows for constituency and Union list seats.
2.2.1. The voting process for constituency seats shall allow residents of the capital, states, and territories to rank their preferred candidates to fill the seats indicated in §E.2. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked one, their second favorite two, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once. Only a voter’s last preference(s) may be marked as an abstention.
2.2.1.1. The total number of votes cast in each region divided by the number of seats allocated to that region shall determine how many votes a candidate is required to gain a seat representing it. If this is not a whole number, it shall be rounded to the nearest one. Abstentions shall not be considered when determining the total number of votes cast.
2.2.1.2. Each candidate who receives the required number of votes shall be elected.
2.2.1.2.1. In the first round, those candidates with the required number of votes in voters’ first preferences shall be elected. If any such candidate achieves more votes than required, then their surplus votes shall be transferred to their voters’ second preference candidates, or if these candidates have already been elected or eliminated, then to their third preference candidates and so on.
2.2.1.3. In the second round, if there are still unallocated seats and multiple candidates who have not yet been elected, the candidate(s) with the least votes shall automatically be eliminated. Votes for these candidate(s) shall be transferred to their voters’ second preference, third preference, or likewise ordered candidates until an unelected and uneliminated candidate exists to which the vote can be transferred. This round shall continue until all candidates have been elected or eliminated.
2.2.1.4. If all of a voter's preferences have been counted, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.2.1.5. This process shall be repeated with the capital and each state or territory until the total number of seats allocated are filled. If any allocated seats cannot be filled, they shall be considered absent as indicated in §G.
2.2.2. The voting process for Union list seats shall allow all Union residents to vote for a registered political party or an independent candidate.
2.2.2.1. Each party and each independent candidate shall be allocated seats according to the total number of votes cast divided by the number of available seats and this calculation shall determine how many votes a party or independent candidate needs to gain a seat. However, if one seat remains  Abstentions shall not be considered in this calculation.
2.2.2.1.1. An independent candidate may not be allocated more than one seat in this process.
2.3. If for any reason, an election ends with no candidate holding a majority of the vote, whether by process of elimination or otherwise, another vote, following the same procedures and lasting one day, shall be held. If there is only one candidate in that contest, their seat shall be considered absent as indicated in §G.
2.4. If there is only one candidate for a position, voters must approve of that candidate with a simple majority in order for them to be elected.

3. Oversight

3.1. All stages of general and midterm elections shall be started, overseen, and run by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
3.2. The Speaker shall be responsible for ensuring the citizens of the Union are informed of the start of each election stage, no later than twelve hours after each stage has begun. They must ensure all citizens are notified both by telegram and on the Union’s regional Discord servers.
3.3. If the Speaker is unable to perform these duties, the responsibility of doing so shall fall to the Deputy Speaker. If for whatever reason, the Deputy Speaker is unable to fulfill these duties either, the Founder shall be endowed with them.

4. General Elections

4.1. These shall be held to elect the Prime Minister and all constituency and Union list seats in the House.
4.2. They shall begin on the first of January, March, May, July, September and November.

5. If an emergency election is held less than or equal to one month before a regularly scheduled election, the regularly scheduled election shall be canceled. Emergency elections for the House of Representatives must be for: all Union list seats, all constituency seats, and/or all seats in a regional constituency.



Offline Sir Salibaic

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Reply #1 on: October 27, 2021, 04:13:25 pm
Voting record:

Empire of Elysium [Fed-Heart] — Term Reform Act: < Aye >
Sir Salibaic [Fed-Heart] —  Term Reform Act: < Aye >
Tigslarlowducken [Ind-Force] — Term Reform Act: < Aye >
Azerubia [F] [Federalist] — Term Reform Act: < Aye >
New Waltonburg [Fed-Union] — Term Reform Act: < Aye >
Neo-Caduceo [Ind-CAD] — Term Reform Act: < Aye >
Caribou Island [UPP-Union] — Term Reform Act: < Aye >
West Kronisia [UPP-Union] — Term Reform Act: < Aye >
Sidervida [Fed-Force] — Term Reform Act: < Aye >


Offline Empire of Elysium

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Reply #2 on: October 31, 2021, 11:42:06 pm
Oh wow this amendment has passed the citizens referendum with a 4-0-1 vote.  ;) >:( :o :( ;D


Offline Renegalle

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Reply #3 on: October 31, 2021, 11:42:54 pm