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Amendment 44: Citizenship and Rights of Citizenship Reform Act

Offline Renegalle

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Amendment 44: Citizenship and Rights of Citizenship Reform Act

Purpose: An Act to strengthen civil liberties, ensure each state or territory provides its residents with local citizenship, and protect against corruption or distortion by clarifying important protections.

Author(s): Renegalle, Tigslarlowducken, and Sir Salibaic

Existing Article, Article A: Citizenship
1. All individuals in the Union are citizens.
2. Citizenship shall entitle individuals to the rights outlined in Article B.
3. Citizenship may only be removed by the Court as a punishment following a criminal trial. Rights of Citizenship may be removed by the Court for the same reason, but only temporarily.
4. Citizenship shall only remain valid as long as the citizen's nation remains in the Union.
5. Citizens residing in the region a representative represents may vote to remove them from office. They shall do so by holding a democratic vote, overseen by the Speaker, in which a simple majority of votes in favor of the removal, within 3 days, is required to remove the Representative. To vote, a citizen must have resided in that region prior to the vote being held.
6. Citizens shall hold the power to force a vote in the House of Representatives on any proposed House Law or Constitutional Amendment. At least five citizens must sign a motion putting forward such a proposal, after which the House shall be obliged to hold a vote on the legislation within one week.

New Article, Article A: Citizenship
1. All residents of the capital, states, and territories hold citizenship, both in the Union and at a local level and are entitled, at minimum, to the rights outlined in Article B.
2. Citizenship shall entitle individuals to the rights outlined in Article B.
3. Citizenship may only be removed by the Court as a punishment following a criminal trial. Rights of Citizenship may be removed by the Court for the same reason, but only temporarily.

2. Citizenship may only be removed by the High Court or a state court, as a punishment for guilt in a criminal trial. Revocation of citizenship by the High Court shall entail revocation of both federal and local citizenship. Revocation of citizenship by a State Court shall only nullify that individual's citizenship within that court’s jurisdiction. Federal rights of citizenship may be revoked solely by the High Court, and only temporarily.
3. Federal citizenship shall only remain valid as long as the citizen's nation remains in the Union; local citizenship shall remain valid as long as the citizen’s nation remains in that locality.
4. Citizens may vote to remove their representatives from office. They shall do so by holding a democratic vote, overseen by the Speaker or relevant deputy, in which a simple majority of votes in favor of the removal, within three days, is required to remove the Representative. To vote, a citizen must have resided in that region prior to the vote being held.
4.1. In the case of Union-wide representatives, any Union citizen may request a vote to remove a representative from office. This shall follow the same procedure as for regional representatives, and similarly, the Citizen must have resided within the Union prior to the vote being held.
5. Citizens shall hold the power to force a vote in the House of Representatives on any proposed motion on which the House has the authority to vote. At least five citizens must sign a motion putting forward such a proposal, after which the House shall be obliged to hold a vote on that motion within one week.

Existing Article, Article B: Rights of Citizenship
1. The right to freedom of speech and free expression of political views.
1.1. This right shall not allow citizens to circumvent rules put in place on any offsite venue, as long as these rules are solely for the prevention of spam, flaming, impersonation, doxxing, harassment, to comply with a platform's terms of service, or similar.
1.1.1. Doxxing is defined as publishing private or identifying information about an individual without their consent.
1.1.2. Harassment is defined as repeated or continuing contact serving no useful purpose except to create alarm, annoyance, or cause emotional distress.
1.1.3. Impersonation is defined as deliberately attempting to mislead people to believe that you are a government official or a person who is a candidate for elected office.
1.2. Government officials shall be subject to restrictions on this right as it pertains to the release of information which if released, could threaten the safety and security of the Union.
2. The right to freedom of the press.
3. The right to protest freely and petition the government for the redress of any grievances.
4. The right to a fair trial.
5. The right to run for government office.
5.1. If a candidate in any election fails to answer all questions asked to them by the Founder or Speaker of the House within the debate period, they shall be disqualified from that election.
5.2. No individual may hold any of the following positions simultaneously, except during a state of emergency:
5.2.1. Founder
5.2.2. Prime Minister
5.2.3. Chief Justice
5.2.4. Speaker of the House
5.3. Non-citizens may not hold any government office.
6. No citizen shall have to answer for a crime committed prior to that act being made criminal.
7. No citizen shall be forced into military or government service without their clear consent.

New Article, Article B: Rights of Citizenship
1. The right to freedom of expression and freedom of the press; the right to form and operate organizations for this purpose, without unjust hindrance.
1.1. This right shall not allow citizens to circumvent rules put in place on any offsite venue, as long as these rules are solely for the prevention of spam, flaming, impersonation, doxxing, harassment, to comply with a platform's terms of service, or similar.
1.1.1. Doxxing is defined as publishing private or identifying information about an individual without their consent.
1.1.2. Harassment is defined as repeated or continuing contact serving no useful purpose except to create alarm, annoyance, or cause emotional distress.
1.1.3. Impersonation is defined as deliberately attempting to mislead people to believe that you are a government official or a person who is a candidate for elected office.

1.1. This right shall not be construed to permit hate speech, harassment, obscenity, violations of personal privacy, spam, or malicious impersonation.
1.2. Government officials shall be subject to restrictions on this right as it pertains to the release of information which if released, could threaten the safety and security of the Union.
1.2. Officials in government may occasionally be required to withhold information for the protection of the Union and the individuals within it. This requirement shall be legally binding, unless it can be established that the public interest in disclosure of the information outweighs the public interest in nondisclosure.
1.2.1. Protected information will be clearly and legibly marked, according to public standards set by the House of Representatives.

2. The right to freedom of thought.
2. The right to freedom of the press.
3. The right to vote in both federal and local elections, with neither hindrance nor unequal treatment.
4. The right to protest or petition the government and private organizations for the redress of any grievances; the right to form and operate organizations for this purpose, without interference.
5. The right to run for elected office; the ability to hold government office.
5.1. Failure to answer and address the subject matter of any question marked as mandatory by the presiding officer during an official electoral debate shall result in disqualification from that election. Questions asked during these debates must be impartial and no more than ten questions shall be asked of each candidate.
5.2. No individual may hold any of the following positions simultaneously, except during a state of emergency:
5.2.1. Founder
5.2.1. Prime Minister
5.2.2. Chief Justice
5.2.3. Speaker of the House
5.3. Non-citizens may not hold any government office.
5.3. No High Court Justice shall, during the time for which they serve, be appointed to a Federal Cabinet office within the Union, nor shall a House Representative be a member of the Court during their continuance in office.
6. The right to an impartial trial, held in a public setting, with obligatory attendance of the accusing party and assistance of adequate legal counsel for one’s defense, provided for by the relevant court; the right to be notified of the details of the accusation in question.
6.1. Jury deliberations are considered classified and may only be unsealed as part of a criminal investigation by the relevant court.
7. No citizen shall be made to provide testimony against their will, or face charges for a crime put in place after the alleged offense.
8. No citizen may be charged for a crime committed more than six months prior, unless evidence of that crime was only disclosed, discovered, or otherwise made accessible to the plaintiff more than six months after it was committed.

9. No citizen shall be forced into military or government service without their clear consent.

Existing Clause, §F.8
8. The Jury shall have three days to determine, with a simple majority, whether the defendant is guilty or innocent. If they are considering voting guilty, a jury member must ensure that they have no reasonable doubt about that guilt before voting. Alongside their vote, they must provide fair reasoning for their decision.

New Clause, §F.8
8. The Jury shall have three days to determine, with a simple majority, whether the defendant is guilty or innocent. If they are considering voting guilty, a jury member must ensure that they have no reasonable doubt about that guilt and that the act in question was malicious, before voting. Alongside their vote, they must provide fair reasoning for their decision.
« Last Edit: February 11, 2022, 03:04:13 pm by Renegalle »