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The Constitution of the Union of Force and its Territories

Renegalle

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The Constitution of the Union of Force and its Territories



Preamble: We the nations of Force and its Territories, come together to form a union in which all are equal, where liberty and democracy prevail, where freedom is not only protected, but embraced, and in which unity is held sacrosanct.

Article A: Citizenship

1. All nations in the Union are citizens.
2. Citizenship shall entitle nations to the rights outlined in Article B.
3. Citizenship may only be removed by the Court as a punishment following a criminal trial. Rights of Citizenship may be removed by the Court for the same reason, but only temporarily.
4. Citizenship shall only remain valid as long as the citizen's nation remains in the Union.
5. Citizens shall hold the sole power to remove a Representative and shall do so by holding a democratic vote in which a simple majority is required to remove them. A public hearing must be held prior to the vote.

Article B: Rights of Citizenship

1. The right to freedom of speech.

1.1. This right shall not allow citizens to circumvent rules put in place on all offsite venues, as long as these rules are solely for the prevention of spam, flaming, blackmail, or similar.
1.2. Government officials shall be subject to restrictions on this right as it pertains to the release of information which if released, could threaten the safety and security of the Union.

2. The right to a fair trial.
3. The right to protest freely and petition the government for the redress of any grievances.
4. The right to run for public office.

4.1. If a candidate in any election fails to answer all questions asked to them by the Founder within the debate period, they shall be disqualified from that election.

5. The right to freedom of the press.
6. The right to freely express and hold one's own political views.
7. No citizen shall have to answer for a crime committed prior to that act being made criminal.

Article C: The Cabinet

1. The Prime Minister of Force shall be the Union’s head of government and shall be responsible for actively leading it and overseeing the Cabinet.
2. The Prime Minister shall appoint the Cabinet and have the power to remove any of its members, with the exception of the Founder. They shall be responsible for, at the minimum, appointing Ministers charged with Foreign Affairs, Internal Affairs, Defense, Communications, and Culture.

2.1. A Minister shall be responsible for maintaining good relationships with embassy regions, overseeing the signing of treaties, forging new relationships, and ensuring The Force Flyer is distributed to all of them.
2.2. A Minister shall be responsible for overseeing domestic matters, ensuring new members of the Union understand how the government works and know about all the opportunities available to them, and working to improve territories.
2.3. A Minister shall be responsible for working to eliminate any foreign threats and maintaining a trained militia to protect the union if need be.
2.4. A Minister shall be responsible for publishing The Force Flyer once monthly and producing any other official publications and documents.
2.5. A Minister shall be responsible for creating and running events for citizens of the Union to participate in, continuing old and forging new traditions, and recording the history of it.
2.6. All members of the Cabinet may appoint Deputies to assist them in their duties. If any Deputy is delegated power or responsibilities through the administration of a formal oath affirming this, they shall be considered a government official.

Article D: Types of Law

1. Laws shall exist in a hierarchical manner, so that some are more important than others.
2. Constitutional Law

2.1. This Constitution shall function as the highest level of law.

3. House Law

3.1. The laws passed by the House of Representatives shall function as the second highest level of law and can do anything that does not contradict the Constitution.

4. Executive Law

4.1. Any Executive Actions issued by the Founder or Prime Minister shall have the power to do anything except contradict, amend, or suspend the Constitution or House Law.

5. Cabinet Law

5.1. Any orders issued by the Cabinet. These orders shall have the power to do anything that does not contradict the Constitution, House Law, or Executive Law.

6. Court Law

6.1. These are all official actions of the Court. These official actions constitute handing down a punishment following a guilty verdict, declaring a law to be illegal, and clarifying an existing law.

7. Treaty Law

7.1. This constitutes all official treaties between Force and other regions. This is the lowest level of law.

Article E: The House of Representatives

1. The House shall consist of Representatives from each region in the Union, proportional to the total number of World Assembly members in each region.
2. The total number of seats in the House of Representatives shall be decided at the start of every House election. Each region will be able to elect one Representative for every 5 World Assembly nations they have. If a region does not fill all of its seats in an election, the vacant seats will not be considered absent and thus, not subject to Article G of this Constitution.
3. The House shall hold the power to pass and repeal laws.
4. The House may pass or repeal any of its laws with a simple majority vote by its members in favor of the change.
5. The House may remove the following types of government officials for failing to perform their responsibilities, serious misconduct, or in response to majority support among citizens for impeachment.

5.1. The Prime Minister may be removed with a 2/3 majority vote of the House.
5.2. The Prosecutor may be removed with a 2/3 majority vote of the House.
5.3. The Judge may be removed with a 2/3 majority vote of the House.
5.4. Any other government official, with the exception of the Founder, Cabinet Ministers, and House Representatives, may be removed with a simple majority vote of the House.

6. Any member of the House may propose an amendment to this Constitution. If the House votes in favor of it, with a simple majority, it will then be sent to the citizens for a vote, lasting one week. If the citizens approve of the amendment with a 2/3 majority, the Constitution will be amended and the amendment will become law.

Article F: The Court

1. The Court shall consist of the Judge and the Prosecutor.

1.1. The Prosecutor shall hold the responsibility of deciding whether criminal cases should be pursued and provide reasons for this. Once they have made a decision, they will present it to the Judge, and the Jury shall be selected. The Prosecutor shall also be responsible for deciding whether any laws are illegal and suspending these laws if they are, whilst providing sufficient reason for why they are illegal.
1.2. The Judge shall hold the responsibility of handing out a punishment if the defendant is found guilty. This punishment must be based upon the advice of the Jury.

1.2.1. This punishment must be in line with the appropriate punishment for the crime, as listed in Article J.

2. A maximum of two Court Cases may be heard at one time, based upon the seriousness of the accusations.
3. Each Court Case shall be heard by a jury of 3 citizens selected at random. The following are prohibited from serving on a jury: Force Government Officials, the defendant, the plaintiff, any citizen currently on trial, or any close personal friends.
4. The Prime Minister may issue a pardon to anyone convicted of a crime, provided that the person is not themselves or a close friend of theirs. They may only issue a pardon twice a term.

Article G: Absences

1. In the case of an absence of the Prime Minister, a House Representative, or a member of the Court, an emergency election must be held if the next election for that position is more than one month away. Otherwise the Founder must appoint a replacement within 3 days.
2. In the case of an absence in the Cabinet, the Prime Minister must appoint a replacement within 7 days.
3. An absence is defined as an event where the government official in question has not spoken or actively performed their duties on the NationStates website, Force forums, or Force Discord server in at least 2 weeks.
4. If a government official anticipates an absence this long, in order to keep their job, prior to the absence they must provide reasonable cause for it and designate another official in their area of government to take on their responsibilities. This shall not apply to the House of Representatives, who is subject to clause 3, regardless of the circumstances.

Article H: Elections

1. Election Procedures

1.1. The election shall begin with candidacy declarations, which shall be open for 3 days.
1.2. Following this, a debate, open to questions by all citizens, shall be held for 3 days.
1.3. The last stage shall be voting, which shall be held for 4 days.
1.4. If an election ends with no candidate achieving a majority, voting shall continue until one does. If that election has only one candidate, a fresh election shall be held.

2. Prime Minister Elections

2.1. Elections shall start on the first of January, April, July, and October.
2.2. If there are more than two candidates, voters may rank their preferred candidates. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked 1, their second favorite 2, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings.
2.3. The candidate with the majority of votes shall be elected. Abstentions shall not be considered.

2.3.1. If no candidate achieves a majority, an instant runoff shall be triggered. The second preference of those who voted for a candidate other than the two with the most votes shall be counted and so on until a candidate has a majority of votes.
2.3.2. If all of a voter's preferences have been counted, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.

3. House Elections

3.1. Elections shall start on the first of January, April, July, and October.
3.2. Force and each of its territories with at least 5 World Assembly nations shall hold House Elections.
3.3. Each territory shall elect the candidates with the most votes to the seats available for that territory as indicated in §E.2.

4. Court Elections

4.1. The Prosecutor and the Judge shall be elected.
4.2. Elections shall start on the first of June and December.

Article I: Illegal Activities

1. Treason

1.1. Attempting to or successfully undermining the legitimate government of the Union or its allies.
1.2. Attempting to or successfully harming the people of the Union or the people of the Union’s allies.

2. Espionage

2.1. Attempting to or successfully sharing sensitive information with non-allied foreign governments without prior approval from the Founder or Prime Minister.
2.2. Attempting to or successfully accessing sensitive information without prior approval from the Founder or Prime Minister.

3. Conspiracy

3.1. Collaborating with one or more other citizens to commit any of the activities in this Article.
3.2. Collaborating with one or more foreign nationals to commit any of the activities in this Article.
3.3. Collaborating with a mix of citizens and foreign nationals to commit any of the activities in this Article.

4. Voting Fraud

4.1. Attempting to or successfully undermining the validity of an election through the creation of multiple accounts.
4.2. Attempting to or successfully undermining the validity of an election, referendum, or vote of any other kind by bringing in nations to vote for one or more specific candidates or ideas.
4.3. Attempting to or successfully undermining the validity of an election by means of something other than that mentioned in §I.4.1 and §I.4.2.

5. Malfeasance and Nonfeasance

5.1. Malfeasance shall be defined as wrongdoing or misconduct by a government official.
5.2. Nonfeasance shall be defined as a failure to perform one's responsibilities in any government office.

Article J: Punishments

1. The crimes of treason and espionage may be punished with:

1.1. Removal of citizenship
1.2. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 2 years.
1.3. Temporary removal of the right to run for public office; for a maximum of 2 years.

2. The crimes of voting fraud and malfeasance may be punished with:

2.1. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 1 year.
2.2. Temporary removal of the right to run for public office; for a maximum of 2 years.

3. The crime of nonfeasance may be punished with:

3.1. Temporary removal of the right to run for public office; for a maximum of 6 months.

4. The crime of conspiracy to commit treason or espionage may be punished with:

4.1. Removal of citizenship
4.2. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 1 year.
4.3. Temporary removal of the right to run for public office; for a maximum of 1 year.

5. The crime of conspiracy to commit voting fraud or malfeasance may be punished with:

5.1. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 6 months.
5.2. Temporary removal of the right to run for public office; for a maximum of 1 year.

6. The crime of conspiracy to commit nonfeasance may be punished with:

6.1. Temporary removal of the right to run for public office; for a maximum of 3 months.

Article K: Territories

1. Force shall consist of territories, all subject to Force Law.
2. The Capital Territory shall be the seat of the Federal Government and be administered solely by it.

2.1. Force is the only capital territory.

3. States shall exist as semi-sovereign entities. Each of them may form their own governments with power over all matters, besides those of foreign relations and defense. The Federal Government may grant these restricted powers to a State Government at its discretion.

3.1. RGBN is the only state.

4. Provinces shall exist as semi-sovereign entities. They may be lead by a Governor, appointed by the Founder or Prime Minister, put under direct Federal Government control at the order of the same, or have their own government with whichever powers the Federal Government grants to them.

4.1. The Federal Government may create, integrate, or remove provinces at its discretion.