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Constitution of the Union of Force

Renegalle

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on: September 30, 2019, 11:04:09 pm

Constitution of the Union of Force



Preamble: We come together to form a union in which all are equal, where liberty and democracy prevail, where freedom is not only protected, but embraced, and in which unity is held sacrosanct.

Article A: Citizenship

1. All individuals in the Union are citizens.
2. Citizenship shall entitle individuals to the rights outlined in Article B.
3. Citizenship may only be removed by the Court as a punishment following a criminal trial. Rights of Citizenship may be removed by the Court for the same reason, but only temporarily.
4. Citizenship shall only remain valid as long as the citizen's nation remains in the Union.
5. Citizens residing in the region a representative represents may vote to remove them from office. They shall do so by holding a democratic vote, overseen by the Speaker, in which a simple majority of votes in favor of the removal, within 3 days, is required to remove the Representative. To vote, a citizen must have resided in that region prior to the vote being held.
6. Citizens shall hold the power to force a vote in the House of Representatives on any proposed House Law or Constitutional Amendment. At least five citizens must sign a motion putting forward such a proposal, after which the House shall be obliged to hold a vote on the legislation within one week.

Article B: Rights of Citizenship

1. The right to freedom of speech and free expression of political views.

1.1. This right shall not allow citizens to circumvent rules put in place on any offsite venue, as long as these rules are solely for the prevention of spam, flaming, impersonation, doxxing, harassment, to comply with a platform's terms of service, or similar.

1.1.1. Doxxing is defined as publishing private or identifying information about an individual without their consent.
1.1.2. Harassment is defined as repeated or continuing contact serving no useful purpose except to create alarm, annoyance, or cause emotional distress.
1.1.3. Impersonation is defined as deliberately attempting to mislead people to believe that you are a government official or a person who is a candidate for elected office.

1.2. Government officials shall be subject to restrictions on this right as it pertains to the release of information which if released, could threaten the safety and security of the Union.

2. The right to freedom of the press.
3. The right to protest freely and petition the government for the redress of any grievances.
4. The right to a fair trial.
5. The right to run for government office.

5.1. If a candidate in any election fails to answer all questions asked to them by the Founder or Speaker of the House within the debate period, they shall be disqualified from that election.

6. No citizen shall have to answer for a crime committed prior to that act being made criminal.
7. No citizen shall be forced into military or government service without their clear consent.

Article C: The Cabinet

1. The Founder of Force shall be the Union's head of state and the Prime Minister of Force shall be the Union's head of government.

1.1. The Founder shall be responsible for maintaining stability, overseeing the Cabinet, and stepping in to lead the Cabinet should the need arise.
1.2. The Prime Minister shall be responsible for actively leading the Union and Cabinet.

2. The Prime Minister shall appoint the Cabinet and have the power to remove any of its members, except for the Founder. They shall be responsible for, at minimum, appointing ministers charged with foreign affairs, internal affairs, media and culture, and roleplay.

2.1. A minister shall be responsible for maintaining existing diplomatic relationships and forging new ones, overseeing the signing of treaties, and ensuring The Force Flyer is distributed to all of them.
2.2. A minister shall be responsible for overseeing domestic matters, including Union recruitment, ensuring new members of the Union understand how the government works and all opportunities available to them, as well as producing any official publications and documents.
2.3. A minister shall be responsible for publishing The Force Flyer on a monthly basis, creating and running events for citizens of the Union to participate in, recording the history of the Union, and continuing old and forging new traditions.
2.4. A minister shall be responsible for managing the Union roleplay.
2.5. All members of the Cabinet may appoint deputies to assist them in their duties. If any deputy is delegated power or responsibilities through the administration of a formal oath affirming this, they shall be considered a government official.

3. Any military or intelligence forces within the Union shall be considered under the supreme command and authority of the Founder and Prime Minister.
4. The Prime Minister can nominate a Deputy Prime Minister to help oversee the ministries. The House of Representatives shall be presented with that nominee and must hold a vote lasting three days, until all House Representatives have voted, or until a majority of House members have approved or rejected the nominee. If the nominee is rejected, the Prime Minister may present a new nominee and restart the process.

4.1. The Prime Minister can dismiss the Deputy Prime Minister at any time for any reason.
4.2. The Prime Minister is held accountable for the Deputy Prime Minister's actions, and thus the Deputy Prime Minister is expected to be as professional as the Prime Minister.

5. The Prime Minister shall not have the authority to appoint a non-citizen to a cabinet position or otherwise.

Article D: Types of Law

1. Laws shall exist in a hierarchical manner, such that some are more important than others.
2. Federal Law

2.1. The Constitution of the Union of Force shall function as the highest level of law throughout the Union.
2.2. The laws passed by the House of Representatives shall function as the second highest level of law and can do anything that does not contradict, amend (except by legal means), or suspend the Constitution.
2.3. Executive Orders may be issued by the Founder or Prime Minister which shall have the power to do anything except contradict, amend, or suspend the Constitution or House Law. They may not amend or suspend state or territorial law. They may contradict state and territorial laws, in accordance with the powers given by this Constitution, but may not contradict state constitutions (or the equivalent).
2.4. All official treaties between the Union and other sovereign governments and ordinances passed through the framework of these treaties. These may not contradict, amend, or suspend the Constitution, House Law, or Executive Law.

3. State and Territorial Law

3.1. The laws passed by each respective state or territory shall have the power to do anything within that state or territory which does not contradict, amend, or suspend federal law.

Article E: The House of Representatives

1. The House shall consist of Representatives from the Union.
2. The total number of seats in the House of Representatives shall be decided at the start of every House election.

2.1. The Union at-large shall be allocated one seat for every twenty World Assembly nations it possesses.
2.2. Each state and the capital shall be allocated two seats and one additional seat for every ten World Assembly nations they possess.
2.3. Each territory shall be allocated a single seat.

3. The House shall hold the power to pass and repeal laws and may create laws defining its own positions and procedures, within the constraints of this Constitution. The House shall at minimum have a Speaker to lead it in holding votes and overseeing debates.
4. The House may pass or repeal any of its laws with a simple majority vote by its members in favor of the change.
5. The House may hold impeachment proceedings against any government official, except House Representatives, Cabinet Ministers, and the Founder.

5.1. Any House member may initiate impeachment proceedings by writing articles of impeachment specifying the official to be impeached and the reasons for why they are being impeached. If these articles are seconded by another House Representative, they must be put to vote.

5.1.1. The Prime Minister and Justices shall require a 2/3 majority vote of the House to be impeached.
5.1.2. All other government officials, besides those excluded from impeachment in §E.5, shall require a simple majority vote to be impeached.

5.2. If the House passes articles of impeachment against any official other than a justice, those Articles of Impeachment shall go to the Justices for a vote on whether the reasons within those articles warrant removal from office. If the Justices vote with a simple majority in favor of removal, the official shall be removed from office.

5.2.1. In considering whether or not the articles warrant removal from office, the Justices must consider all factors: the specific circumstances, the opinion of the public on whether that official should be removed, and any other factors brought up in or related to the Articles of Impeachment. If the impeachment was for reasons other than breaking the law, the Justices must only consider those factors and not whether a law was broken, in choosing whether the official should be removed. Once they have come to a decision, the Chief Justice must write a detailed explanation of why they believe the official should or should not be removed from office.

5.3. If the House passes articles of impeachment against a justice, then those Articles of Impeachment shall go to the citizens for a vote on whether the reasons within those articles warrant removal from office. If the citizens vote with a simple majority in favor of removal, the Justice shall be removed from office.

6. The House may grant or revoke statehood by means of a special session and vote.

6.1. For both special sessions, a majority of capital representatives in favor as well as a majority of each state’s representatives in favor shall constitute an actual majority. The votes of territorial representatives shall not be considered in either special session. The votes of representatives from a state whose status is being revoked shall not be considered in a revocation session.
6.2. A territory may petition the House of Representatives for statehood.

6.2.1. A territorial leader, seeking statehood, must submit a completed constitution (or equivalent document), reviewed by the High Court for legality, to the House of Representatives.
6.2.2. The Speaker of the House shall read, in its entirety, the constitution to the assembled representatives. Representatives may suggest changes, which shall be taken note of. Once this reading is done, the Speaker shall read the constitution once more, during which time representatives may suggest additional changes.
6.2.3. Following this, two votes shall be held, on whether to admit the territory as a state and on whether to accept the completed constitution.

6.2.3.1. If an actual majority votes in favor of both measures, the territory shall become a state and the submitted constitution (or equivalent) shall become the new state’s highest law after federal law and replace the applicant’s existing constitution (or equivalent thereof).
6.2.3.2. If an actual majority votes in favor of the territory becoming a state, but not in favor of the constitution, the constitution, with the submitted suggestions for changes, shall be sent back to the territory’s leader. The session shall end and the territory’s status shall remain the same.

6.3. The House of Representatives, by means of a special session and vote, may revert a state to territorial status.

6.3.1. Both the state and those in favor of reverting its status shall have the opportunity to make their case.
6.3.2. Following this, the House of Representatives shall hold a vote on whether to revert the state to territorial status. If an actual majority votes in favor, the state shall revert to territorial status and its existing constitution (or equivalent) shall be annulled.

7. Any member of the House may propose an amendment to this Constitution. Once every member of the House has had the chance to review the Amendment, the Amendment may be seconded and subsequently, sent to vote. If the House votes in favor of it, with a simple majority, it will then be sent to the citizens, within one week, for a vote lasting 4 days. This vote shall be administered by the Speaker of the House, their Deputy, or a citizen to whom the responsibility is delegated if neither of the aforementioned are able to. If the citizens approve of the amendment with a 2/3 majority, the amendment will be sent to the Founder for approval.

7.1. If the Founder signs the amendment, the Constitution shall be amended and the amendment shall become law. In signing it, the Founder may fix any spelling, grammar, and formatting errors in the passed amendment and that fixed version shall become law.
7.2. If the Founder vetoes it, providing reasoning for their veto, it shall not become law, with no option to override the veto.

Article F: The High Court

1. The Court shall consist of three or five justices.
2. At the beginning of each elected term, the Justices shall elect from among themselves a Chief Justice, who shall be responsible for ensuring that all responsibilities of the Court are upheld.
3. Any citizen may bring a case before the Court. The Justices collectively shall hold the responsibility of deciding whether or not to hear the case. They may only deny a case if it accuses the defendant of an action which is not illegal under any law or statute which applies to them in the Union or which has been found legal by precedent of another case that, except for those involved, was identical.

3.1. If a case brought to the Court indicts a justice, that justice must recuse themselves from involvement in all stages of that case. The Founder must appoint a special justice to temporarily fulfill their role for that case.

4. If the case shall be heard, the defendant is required to enter a plea of guilt, innocence, or no contest within a week of the case's acceptance.

4.1. A plea of guilt will skip a trial and move directly to sentencing.
4.2. A plea of innocence shall move forward with a trial.
4.3. A plea of no contest means that you do not admit guilt or innocence. The case will move before the justices for sentencing.

5. Each case in which a plea of not guilty was entered into the record shall be heard by a jury of 3 impartial citizens selected by the Justices. The following are prohibited from serving on a jury: the defendant, the plaintiff, or any citizen currently on trial or that has charges pending.
6. A maximum of two court cases may be heard at one time, based upon the seriousness of the accusation(s). A queue shall be created if more than two cases are pending.
7. The Chief Justice shall oversee all trials except in the case of clause 3.1, in this case the Court may nominate any other justice not indicted or involved to lead the trial. Each trial shall consist of three stages: opening statements, witness testimony and/or the presentation of evidence, and closing arguments. The trial must be accessible for viewership by all citizens.

7.1. Opening statements shall consist of statements by both the plaintiff and the defendant presenting their respective arguments and an overview, from their perspectives, of the case at hand.
7.2. Witness testimony shall consist of bringing in outside individuals with firsthand knowledge of the alleged wrongdoing or lack thereof to testify. The presentation of evidence shall consist of the presentation of evidence to justify or refute the case at hand. Both the plaintiff and the defendant may choose to bring people or evidence forth for this stage.
7.3. Closing arguments shall consist of arguments by both the plaintiff and the defendant to reiterate their arguments. This may include refuting the testimony of witnesses or evidence from the previous stage. The defendant shall be entitled to deliver the last closing argument. Once closing arguments have concluded, the case shall move to the jury for deliberation.

8. The Jury shall have 3 days to determine, with a simple majority, whether the defendant is guilty or innocent. If they are considering voting guilty, a jury member must ensure that they have no reasonable doubt about that guilt before voting. Alongside their vote, they must provide fair reasoning for their decision.
9. The Justices collectively shall hold the responsibility of handing out a punishment to a defendant if they are found guilty or plead no contest.

9.1. Unanimous consensus among the justices (not including a recused justice, if there is one) shall be required to select a punishment for the guilty party. The Chief Justice must ensure consensus is reached on an appropriate punishment within 3 days of the guilty verdict. If a unanimous consensus cannot be reached after 3 days, a majority in favor shall suffice.
9.2. The punishment must be fair and appropriate for the crime committed, as outlined in Article J.

10. Any person convicted of a crime may petition the Court for a new trial based on new evidence.

10.1. On appeal, the Founder will appoint a special team of 3 justices to oversee the trial. This special team shall operate under the normal rules for a trial.
10.2. No jury member who served in the original trial shall be allowed to participate in a new trial.

11. The Justices shall hold the sole authority to judge the legality of all House Laws (excluding Constitutional amendments) and State or Territorial Constitutions (or the equivalents thereof) and amendments to the aforementioned. They shall also hold the authority to judge the legality of executive, treaty, and other State or Territorial laws, though they are not required to do so. For every law they review:

11.1. All three Justices must present their individual verdict in a public statement.
11.2. A simple majority among the justices shall be required to find a law unconstitutional.
11.3. If they judge a law to be unconstitutional, they must suspend it, in its entirety, providing a comprehensive legal argument to explain the reasons for its unconstitutionality.

12. The Prime Minister may issue a pardon to anyone convicted of a crime, effectively canceling that person's sentence, provided that the person is not themselves, a close friend of theirs, or an associate in government. They may only issue a pardon once per term.

Article G: Absences

1. A government office is considered absent when:

1.1. The office holder has lost citizenship.
1.2. The office holder has not spoken or performed their duties on the NationStates website, Force forums, or Force Discord server in at least 1 week.

1.2.1. If a government official anticipates an absence this long, in order to maintain their position, they must provide reasonable cause for it prior to the absence and designate another official in their area of government to take on their responsibilities. This shall not apply to the Court, whose members are subject to §G.6, regardless of the circumstances.

1.2.1.1. A House Representative may take a leave of absence of up to one week and retain their job. However, they may not designate another official to take on their responsibilities, and must notify the Speaker of the House prior to their absence with reasoning for said absence.

1.3. The office holder has resigned.
1.4. The office holder has been removed from office.
1.5. The office was left absent following an election.

2. In addition to the above conditions, an office in the House of Representatives shall be considered absent when:

2.1. The nation with which the office holder was elected is no longer present in the region.

3. In the case of an absence in the office of Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister shall assume the position of Prime Minister.

3.1. In the case that there is no Deputy Prime Minister or them choosing not to take the office of Prime Minister, the matter shall go to the House, who shall be responsible for choosing a new Prime Minister.
3.2. Any House Representative may nominate a member of the Cabinet or House for Prime Minister, provided that the nominee has agreed to their nomination. Both the nominations period and the subsequent vote shall last for 24 hours. The nominee with a majority of the vote shall become Prime Minister.

3.2.1. If no nominee receives a majority of the vote, a second vote shall be held in which only the two nominees with the highest vote totals remain. The nominee who receives a majority of the vote after 24 hours shall become Prime Minister.

3.3. If no nominations are made, an emergency election, following the same rules as a regular election, must be held.

4. In the case of an absence in the Cabinet, the Prime Minister must appoint a replacement within 7 days.
5. If all seats in the House of Representatives are vacant, an emergency election, following the same rules as a regular election, must be held if the next election for it is more than one month away.
6. In the case of an absence in the Court, the Founder must appoint a replacement within 5 days or choose to hold an emergency election for the position.
7. In the case of any other absence, unless otherwise specified by law, the office shall be considered vacant and no further action shall be taken.

Article H: Elections

1. Stages

1.1. Elections shall begin with candidacy declarations, which shall be open for 3 days.

1.1.1. In midterm elections, registered political parties and independent candidates shall be able to declare their candidacy, with parties being required to provide lists of candidates for the allocated seats. They may only choose candidates from that list if they are allocated seats, unless extraordinary circumstances, such as an absence, or a list candidate leaving the party, require otherwise.

1.2. Following this, a debate, open to questions by all citizens, shall be held for 3 days.
1.3. The last stage shall be voting, which shall be held for 4 days.
1.4. Following the completion of one stage in an election, the next stage shall begin within 12 hours.
1.5. Should circumstances necessitate it, each stage may be shortened by up to one day. The length of a stage may not be changed once that stage has begun.

2. Voting

2.1. Voting for Prime Minister shall follow this process:

2.1.1. If there are two candidates, voters shall choose their preferred candidate and the candidate with a majority of votes shall be elected. If there are more than two candidates, voters may rank their preferred candidates. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked 1, their second favorite 2, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once. Only a voter’s last preference(s) may be marked as an abstention.
2.1.2. First preference votes shall be counted initially. If a candidate achieves a majority after this, they shall be elected. Otherwise, the candidate with the least votes shall be eliminated and the second preferences of that candidate's voters shall be counted instead. This process of elimination and counting next preferences shall be repeated until one candidate has a majority of votes.

2.1.2.1. If no candidate can be eliminated or more than one can be eliminated, the second preferences of all voters shall take the place of first preference ones. If a candidate has a majority of votes at this stage, they shall be elected. Otherwise, this process shall be repeated with each successive preference until it is possible to eliminate just one candidate.
2.1.2.2. If all of a voter's preferences have been eliminated, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.1.2.3. Abstentions shall not be considered in determining whether or not a candidate has achieved a majority.

2.2. The voting process shall vary between general and midterm elections for seats in the House of Representatives.

2.2.1. In general elections, residents of the capital, states, and territories may rank their preferred candidates to fill the seats indicated in §E.2.2. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked 1, their second favorite 2, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once. Only a voter’s last preference(s) may be marked as an abstention.

2.2.1.1. The total number of votes cast in each region divided by the number of seats allocated to that region shall determine how many votes a candidate is required to gain a seat representing it. If this is not a whole number, it shall be rounded to the nearest one. Abstentions shall not be considered when determining the total number of votes cast.
2.2.1.2. Each candidate who receives the required number of votes shall be elected.

2.2.1.2.1. In the first round, those candidates with the required number of votes in voters’ first preferences shall be elected. If any such candidate achieves more votes than required, then their surplus votes shall be transferred to their voters’ second preference candidates, or if these candidates have already been elected or eliminated, then to their third preference candidates and so on.

2.2.1.3. In the second round, if there are still unallocated seats and multiple candidates who have not yet been elected, the candidate(s) with the least votes shall automatically be eliminated. Votes for these candidate(s) shall be transferred to their voters’ second preference, third preference, or likewise ordered candidates until an unelected and uneliminated candidate exists to which the vote can be transferred. This round shall continue until all candidates have been elected or eliminated.
2.2.1.4. If all of a voter's preferences have been counted, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.2.1.5. This process shall be repeated with the capital and each state or territory until the total number of seats allocated are filled. If any allocated seats cannot be filled, they shall be considered absent as indicated in §G.

2.2.2. In midterm elections, Union residents may cast their vote for a registered political party or an independent candidate.

2.2.2.1. Each party and each independent candidate shall be allocated seats according to the total number of votes cast divided by the number of available seats and this calculation shall determine how many votes a party or independent candidate needs to gain a seat. Abstentions shall not be considered in this calculation.

2.2.2.1.1. An independent candidate may not be allocated more than one seat in this process.

2.3. In elections for Court Justices, ballots shall allow citizens to vote for or against each candidate. They may vote, at maximum, for up to five candidates if there are at least that many candidates for the position. Otherwise, they may vote, at maximum, for up to three candidates. The candidates with more votes for than against them shall be elected.
2.4. If for any reason, an election ends with no candidate holding a majority of the vote, whether by process of elimination or otherwise, another vote, following the same procedures and lasting one day, shall be held. If there is only one candidate in that contest, their seat shall be considered absent as indicated in §G.
2.5. If there is only one candidate for a position, voters must approve of that candidate with a simple majority in order for them to be elected.

3. Oversight

3.1. All stages of general and midterm elections shall be started, overseen, and run by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
3.2. The Speaker shall be responsible for ensuring the citizens of the Union are informed of the start of each election stage, no later than 12 hours after each stage has begun. They must ensure all citizens are notified both by telegram and on the Union’s regional Discord servers.
3.3. If the Speaker is unable to perform these duties, the responsibility of doing so shall fall to the Deputy Speaker. If for whatever reason, the Deputy Speaker is unable to fulfill these duties either, the Founder shall be endowed with them.

4. General Elections

4.1. These shall be held to elect the Prime Minister, all capital, state, and territorial representatives in the House, and all Court Justices.
4.2. They shall begin on the first of March, July, and November.

5. Midterm Elections

5.1. These shall be held to elect the Union's representatives in the House and all Court Justices.
5.2. They shall begin on the first of January, May, and September.

6. No emergency election for a vacant office shall conflict with a regularly scheduled election for that same office.

Article I: Illegal Activities

1. Treason

1.1. Attempting to or successfully undermining the legitimate government of the Union or its allies.
1.2. Attempting to or successfully harming the people of the Union or the people of the Union's allies.
1.3. Attempting to or successfully raiding or illegally occupying a region of the Union of Force or its allies.

2. Espionage

2.1. Attempting to or successfully accessing sensitive information without prior approval from the Founder or Prime Minister.
2.2. Attempting to or successfully sharing sensitive information without prior approval from the Founder or Prime Minister.

3. Conspiracy

3.1. Collaborating with one or more other citizens to commit any of the activities in this Article.
3.2. Collaborating with one or more foreign nationals to commit any of the activities in this Article.
3.3. Collaborating with a mix of citizens and foreign nationals to commit any of the activities in this Article.

4. Voting Fraud

4.1. Attempting to or successfully undermining the validity of an election through the creation of multiple accounts.
4.2. Attempting to or successfully undermining the validity of an election, referendum, or vote of any other kind by bringing in nations to vote for one or more specific candidates or ideas.
4.3. Attempting to or successfully undermining the validity of an election by means of something other than that mentioned in §I.4.1 and §I.4.2.

5. Perjury

5.1. Lying or willfully deceiving a member of the Court or Jury during a trial or through the providing of fake or manipulated evidence.

6. Nonfeasance and Malfeasance

6.1. Nonfeasance shall be defined as a failure to perform one's responsibilities in any government office.
6.2. Malfeasance shall be defined as violating the Constitution or any other binding law in a manner other than specified in the preceding clauses.

Article J: Punishments

1. The crimes of treason and espionage may be punished with:

1.1. Removal of citizenship
1.2. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 2 years.
1.3. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 2 years.

2. The crimes of voting fraud and malfeasance may be punished with:

2.1. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 1 year.
2.2. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 2 years.

3. The crime of nonfeasance may be punished with:

3.1. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 6 months.

4. The crimes of perjury and conspiracy to commit perjury may be punished with:

4.1. Temporary removal of the ability to participate as a witness or provider of evidence in any trial; for a maximum of 1 year.
4.2. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 6 months.

5. The crime of conspiracy to commit treason or espionage may be punished with:

5.1. Removal of citizenship
5.2. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 1 year.
5.3. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 1 year.

6. The crime of conspiracy to commit voting fraud or malfeasance may be punished with:

6.1. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 6 months.
6.2. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 1 year.

7. The crime of conspiracy to commit nonfeasance may be punished with:

7.1. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 3 months.

Article K: The Union

1. The Union shall consist of the capital, states, and territories (the Union of Force), all (except occupations) subject to the Constitution, House Law, Executive Law (where applicable), and Treaty Law.
2. The Founder may appoint and dismiss, at their discretion, a High Commissioner, who shall act as an intermediary between the federal, state, and territorial governments. Their powers and responsibilities shall include:

2.1. Holding meetings with state and territorial leaders, at least once a month, to discuss their status, any issues they are encountering, progress they have made on tackling existing issues, and future plans. They may also hold meetings at any time to discuss emergency issues and may compel state and territorial leaders (or their designated representatives) to attend, provided they give at least 24 hours’ notice and these individuals are able to attend.
2.2. Issuing notifications to the federal government for the resolution of any problem states or territories may be facing. Should the federal government fail to attempt to resolve any issue within 1 month of the relevant notification being made, the Prime Minister shall be guilty of nonfeasance.
2.3. Ensuring that the law is upheld within all states and territories. This shall include making sure that state and territorial elections are held on time, that their laws are fully observed, and that federal law and changes to it are implemented there and made known to all.
2.4. Coordinating, in conjunction with the Founder, the annexation, combination, and disassociation of territories.

3. The Capital shall be the seat of the Federal Government and be administered solely by it.

3.1. Force is the capital.

4. States shall exist as semi-sovereign entities. Each of them may form their own governments with power over all matters, except those concerning foreign relations and defense. The Founder or Prime Minister may grant these restricted powers to a State Government at their discretion.

4.1. Only States may by law establish courts, all observant of due process and both state and federal law.

4.1.1. These courts may only try crimes which are illegal in that state, but not on a federal level. Only the Union High Court may try federal crimes.
4.1.2. Punishments for these crimes must be in line with the Union Constitution and may only remove privileges which exist within that state and not on a federal level.

4.2. RGBN and Heart are the states.

4.2.1. Clause 4.2 shall be updated, without an amendment, should the House of Representatives make a territory a state, in line with §E.6.2.3.1 or revert a state to territorial status, in line with §E.6.3.2.

5. Territories (other than occupations) shall exist as semi-sovereign entities. They may be led by a Governor, appointed by the Founder, put under direct Federal Government control at the order of the same, or have their own governments with power over all matters, except those concerning foreign relations and defense.

5.1. Occupations shall be a special classification of territory where residents shall not hold Union citizenship and where usual laws shall not apply. They shall be subject solely to the orders of the Founder or a Governor appointed by the Founder to oversee them.
5.2. The Founder may create, remove, annex, combine, or disassociate any territories from the Union at their discretion.
5.3. Territorial classifications (except those defined herein), with differing levels of sovereignty, may be created, modified, or removed at the discretion of the Founder or High Commissioner.
5.4. All territories may have their classifications modified at the discretion of the Founder and High Commissioner. However, the Founder may overrule the High Commissioner.

Article L: Emergency Powers

1. The Prime Minister may declare a State of Emergency with a simple majority vote from the House. This declaration, once passed, shall remain valid for 1 term unless cancelled by the Prime Minister or is overturned by a 2/3 majority vote from the House.
2. The Prime Minister shall also have the power to temporarily suspend cabinet positions and leave them vacant during the declaration.

« Last Edit: April 11, 2021, 02:41:17 am by Renegalle »