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Amendment 36: Electoral Reform Act (Revised)

Sir Salibaic

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on: March 25, 2021, 11:31:39 am
Amendment 36: Electoral Reform Act (Revised)
Purpose: To update the language to Article H to make the election system more fair and representative.
Author(s): Sir Salibaic and Renegalle

Existing Section: Article H: Elections

1. Stages

1.1. Elections shall begin with candidacy declarations, which shall be open for 3 days.
1.2. Following this, a debate, open to questions by all citizens, shall be held for 3 days.
1.3. The last stage shall be voting, which shall be held for 4 days.
1.4. Following the completion of one stage in an election, the next stage shall begin within 12 hours.
1.5. Should circumstances necessitate it, each stage may be shortened by up to one day. The length of a stage may not be changed once that stage has begun.

2. Voting

2.1. Voting for Prime Minister shall follow this process:

2.1.1. If there are more than two candidates, voters may rank their preferred candidates. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked 1, their second favorite 2, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once.
2.1.2. First preference votes shall be counted initially. If a candidate achieves a majority after this, they shall be elected. Otherwise, the candidate with the least votes shall be eliminated and the second preferences of that candidate's voters shall be counted instead. This process of elimination and counting next preferences shall be repeated until one candidate has a majority of votes.

2.1.2.1. If no candidate can be eliminated or more than one can be eliminated, the second preferences of all voters shall take the place of first preference ones. If a candidate has a majority of votes at this stage, they shall be elected. Otherwise, this process shall be repeated with each successive preference until it is possible to eliminate just one candidate.
2.1.2.2. If all of a voter's preferences have been eliminated, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.1.2.3. Abstentions shall not be considered in determining whether or not a candidate has achieved a majority.
2.1.2.4. If for any reason, this process of elimination does not result in a candidate holding a majority of the vote, another vote, following the same procedures and lasting only one day, shall be held.

2.2. The voting process shall vary between general and midterm elections for seats in the House of Representatives.

2.2.1. In general elections, residents of the capital, states, and territories may rank their preferred candidates to fill the seats indicated in §E.2.2. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked 1, their second favorite 2, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once.

2.2.1.1. Should no candidate achieve a simple majority, the candidate with the least votes shall be eliminated and their second choice votes shall be divvied up among the remaining candidates. Should there be a tie for last place in first choice votes, whoever has the least second choice votes shall be eliminated, and so forth until a candidate is eliminated.
2.2.1.2. If all of a voter's preferences have been eliminated, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.2.1.3. Abstentions shall not be considered in determining whether or not a candidate has achieved a majority.
2.2.1.4. This process shall be repeated with the capital and each state or territory until the total number of seats allocated are filled. If the allocated seats cannot be filled, they shall be considered absent as indicated in §G.

2.2.2. In midterm elections, Union residents may cast their vote for a registered political party or an independent candidate.

2.2.2.1. Each party or independent candidate shall be allocated seats according to the number of votes cast for them. The party or candidate with the highest vote total after this process shall be allocated one seat.

2.2.2.1.1. An independent candidate may not be allocated more than one seat in this process.

2.2.2.2. Abstentions shall not be considered when allocating seats.
2.2.2.3. This process shall be repeated until the total number of seats are filled.

2.3. In elections for Court Justices, ballots shall allow citizens to vote for or against each candidate. They may vote, at maximum, for up to five candidates if there are at least that many candidates for the position. Otherwise, they may vote, at maximum, for up to three candidates. The candidates with more votes for than against them shall be elected.

3. Oversight

3.1. All stages of general and midterm elections shall be started, overseen, and run by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
3.2. The Speaker shall be responsible for sending a telegram to all citizens of the Union's capital region and to each of its states, notifying them of the start of each election stage. They shall do the same on the Force Discord Server.
3.3. If the Speaker is unable to perform these duties, the responsibility of doing so shall fall to the Deputy Speaker. If for whatever reason, the Deputy Speaker is unable to fulfill these duties either, the Chief Justice shall be endowed with these responsibilities.

4. General Elections

4.1. These shall be held to elect the Prime Minister, all capital, state, and territorial representatives in the House, and all Court Justices.
4.2. They shall begin on the first of March, July, and November.

5. Midterm Elections

5.1. These shall be held to elect the Union's representatives in the House and all Court Justices.
5.2. They shall begin on the first of January, May, and September.

6. No emergency election for a vacant office shall conflict with a regularly scheduled election for that same office.


New Section: Article H: Elections

1. Stages

1.1. Elections shall begin with candidacy declarations, which shall be open for 3 days.
1.1.1. In midterm elections, registered political parties and independent candidates shall be able to declare their candidacy, with parties being required to provide lists of candidates for the allocated seats. They may only choose candidates from that list if they are allocated seats, unless extraordinary circumstances, such as an absence, or a list candidate leaving the party, require otherwise.
1.2. Following this, a debate, open to questions by all citizens, shall be held for 3 days.
1.3. The last stage shall be voting, which shall be held for 4 days.
1.4. Following the completion of one stage in an election, the next stage shall begin within 12 hours.
1.5. Should circumstances necessitate it, each stage may be shortened by up to one day. The length of a stage may not be changed once that stage has begun.

2. Voting

2.1. Voting for Prime Minister shall follow this process:

2.1.1. If there are two candidates, voters shall choose their preferred candidate and the candidate with a majority of votes shall be elected. If there are more than two candidates, voters may rank their preferred candidates. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked 1, their second favorite 2, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once. Only a voter’s last preference(s) may be marked as an abstention.
2.1.2. First preference votes shall be counted initially. If a candidate achieves a majority after this, they shall be elected. Otherwise, the candidate with the least votes shall be eliminated and the second preferences of that candidate's voters shall be counted instead. This process of elimination and counting next preferences shall be repeated until one candidate has a majority of votes.

2.1.2.1. If no candidate can be eliminated or more than one can be eliminated, the second preferences of all voters shall take the place of first preference ones. If a candidate has a majority of votes at this stage, they shall be elected. Otherwise, this process shall be repeated with each successive preference until it is possible to eliminate just one candidate.
2.1.2.2. If all of a voter's preferences have been eliminated, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.1.2.3. Abstentions shall not be considered in determining whether or not a candidate has achieved a majority.
2.1.2.4. If for any reason, this process of elimination does not result in a candidate holding a majority of the vote, another vote, following the same procedures and lasting only one day, shall be held.

2.2. The voting process shall vary between general and midterm elections for seats in the House of Representatives.

2.2.1. In general elections, residents of the capital, states, and territories may rank their preferred candidates to fill the seats indicated in §E.2.2. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked 1, their second favorite 2, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once. Only a voter’s last preference(s) may be marked as an abstention.

2.2.1.1. The total number of votes cast in each region divided by the number of seats allocated to that region shall determine how many votes a candidate is required to gain a seat representing it. If this is not a whole number, it shall be rounded to the nearest one. Abstentions shall not be considered when determining the total number of votes cast.

2.2.1.2. Each candidate who receives the required number of votes shall be elected.

2.2.1.2.1. In the first round, those candidates with the required number of votes in voters’ first preferences shall be elected. If any such candidate achieves more votes than required, then their surplus votes shall be transferred to their voters’ second preference candidates, or if these candidates have already been elected or eliminated, then to their third preference candidates and so on.

2.2.1.3. In the second round, if there are still unallocated seats and multiple candidates who have not yet been elected, the candidate(s) with the least votes shall automatically be eliminated. Votes for these candidate(s) shall be transferred to their voters’ second preference, third preference, or likewise ordered candidates until an unelected and uneliminated candidate exists to which the vote can be transferred. This round shall continue until all candidates have been elected or eliminated.

2.2.1.3. Abstentions shall not be considered in determining whether or not a candidate has achieved a majority.

2.2.1.4. If all of a voter's preferences have been counted, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.

2.2.1.5. This process shall be repeated with the capital and each state or territory until the total number of seats allocated are filled. If theany allocated seats cannot be filled, they shall be considered absent as indicated in §G.

2.2.2. In midterm elections, Union residents may cast their vote for a registered political party or an independent candidate.

2.2.2.1. Each party and each independent candidate shall be allocated seats according to the total number of votes cast divided by the number of available seats and this calculation shall determine how many votes a party or independent candidate needs to gain a seat. Abstentions shall not be considered in this calculation.

2.2.2.1.1. An independent candidate may not be allocated more than one seat in this process.

2.2.2.2. Abstentions shall not be considered when allocating seats.
2.2.2.3. This process shall be repeated until the total number of seats are filled.


2.3. In elections for Court Justices, ballots shall allow citizens to vote for or against each candidate. They may vote, at maximum, for up to five candidates if there are at least that many candidates for the position. Otherwise, they may vote, at maximum, for up to three candidates. The candidates with more votes for than against them shall be elected.

2.4. If for any reason, an election ends with no candidate holding a majority of the vote, whether by process of elimination or otherwise, another vote, following the same procedures and lasting one day, shall be held. If there is only one candidate in that contest, their seat shall be considered absent as indicated in §G.

2.5. If there is only one candidate for a position, voters must approve of that candidate with a simple majority in order for them to be elected.

3. Oversight

3.1. All stages of general and midterm elections shall be started, overseen, and run by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
3.2. The Speaker shall be responsible for ensuring the citizens of the Union are informed of the start of each election stage, no later than 12 hours after each stage has begun. They must ensure all citizens are notified both by telegram and on the Union’s regional Discord serverssending a telegram to all citizens of the Union's capital region and to each of its states, notifying them of the start of each election stage. They shall do the same on the Force Discord Server.
3.3. If the Speaker is unable to perform these duties, the responsibility of doing so shall fall to the Deputy Speaker. If for whatever reason, the Deputy Speaker is unable to fulfill these duties either, the FounderChief Justice shall be endowed with themse responsibilities.

4. General Elections

4.1. These shall be held to elect the Prime Minister, all capital, state, and territorial representatives in the House, and all Court Justices.
4.2. They shall begin on the first of March, July, and November.

5. Midterm Elections

5.1. These shall be held to elect the Union's representatives in the House and all Court Justices.
5.2. They shall begin on the first of January, May, and September.

6. No emergency election for a vacant office shall conflict with a regularly scheduled election for that same office.
« Last Edit: April 09, 2021, 04:56:52 pm by Renegalle »


Renegalle

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Reply #1 on: April 09, 2021, 04:57:17 pm