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Topics - Renegalle

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1
Elections / Voting Results: General Election, November 2021
« on: November 13, 2021, 12:24:55 am »
Voting Results: General Election, November 2021




Official Voting Results for the November 2021 General Election can be found here.


2
Constitutional Amendments / Amendment 40: Judicial and Vacancy Reform Act
« on: October 23, 2021, 02:53:56 pm »
Amendment 40: Judicial and Vacancy Reform Act

Purpose: An Act to reform the High Court and the process in which justices are selected in order to promote competence, efficiency, justice, and transparency; an Act to reorganize the vacancies article in order to improve the structuring of this constitution.

Authors: Renegalle and Tigslarlowducken

Existing Section, Article F: The High Court
1. The Court shall consist of three or five justices.
2. At the beginning of each elected term, the Justices shall elect from among themselves a Chief Justice, who shall be responsible for ensuring that all responsibilities of the Court are upheld.
3. Any citizen may bring a case before the Court. The Justices collectively shall hold the responsibility of deciding whether or not to hear the case. They may only deny a case if it accuses the defendant of an action which is not illegal under any law or statute which applies to them in the Union or which has been found legal by precedent of another case that, except for those involved, was identical.
3.1. If a case brought to the Court indicts a justice, that justice must recuse themselves from involvement in all stages of that case. The Founder must appoint a special justice to temporarily fulfill their role for that case.
4. If the case shall be heard, the defendant is required to enter a plea of guilt, innocence, or no contest within a week of the case's acceptance.
4.1. A plea of guilt will skip a trial and move directly to sentencing.
4.2. A plea of innocence shall move forward with a trial.
4.3. A plea of no contest means that you do not admit guilt or innocence. The case will move before the justices for sentencing.
5. Each case in which a plea of not guilty was entered into the record shall be heard by a jury of 3 impartial citizens selected by the Justices. The following are prohibited from serving on a jury: the defendant, the plaintiff, or any citizen currently on trial or that has charges pending.
6. A maximum of two court cases may be heard at one time, based upon the seriousness of the accusation(s). A queue shall be created if more than two cases are pending.
7. The Chief Justice shall oversee all trials except in the case of clause 3.1, in this case the Court may nominate any other justice not indicted or involved to lead the trial. Each trial shall consist of three stages: opening statements, witness testimony and/or the presentation of evidence, and closing arguments. The trial must be accessible for viewership by all citizens.
7.1. Opening statements shall consist of statements by both the plaintiff and the defendant presenting their respective arguments and an overview, from their perspectives, of the case at hand.
7.2. Witness testimony shall consist of bringing in outside individuals with firsthand knowledge of the alleged wrongdoing or lack thereof to testify. The presentation of evidence shall consist of the presentation of evidence to justify or refute the case at hand. Both the plaintiff and the defendant may choose to bring people or evidence forth for this stage.
7.3. Closing arguments shall consist of arguments by both the plaintiff and the defendant to reiterate their arguments. This may include refuting the testimony of witnesses or evidence from the previous stage. The defendant shall be entitled to deliver the last closing argument. Once closing arguments have concluded, the case shall move to the jury for deliberation.
8. The Jury shall have 3 days to determine, with a simple majority, whether the defendant is guilty or innocent. If they are considering voting guilty, a jury member must ensure that they have no reasonable doubt about that guilt before voting. Alongside their vote, they must provide fair reasoning for their decision.
9. The Justices collectively shall hold the responsibility of handing out a punishment to a defendant if they are found guilty or plead no contest.
9.1. Unanimous consensus among the justices (not including a recused justice, if there is one) shall be required to select a punishment for the guilty party. The Chief Justice must ensure consensus is reached on an appropriate punishment within 3 days of the guilty verdict. If a unanimous consensus cannot be reached after 3 days, a majority in favor shall suffice.
9.2. The punishment must be fair and appropriate for the crime committed, as outlined in Article J.
10. Any person convicted of a crime may petition the Court for a new trial based on new evidence.
10.1. On appeal, the Founder will appoint a special team of 3 justices to oversee the trial. This special team shall operate under the normal rules for a trial.
10.2. No jury member who served in the original trial shall be allowed to participate in a new trial.
11. The Justices shall hold the sole authority to judge the legality of all House Laws (excluding Constitutional amendments) and State or Territorial Constitutions (or the equivalents thereof) and amendments to the aforementioned. They shall also hold the authority to judge the legality of executive, treaty, and other State or Territorial laws, though they are not required to do so. For every law they review:
11.1. All three Justices must present their individual verdict in a public statement.
11.2. A simple majority among the justices shall be required to find a law unconstitutional.
11.3. If they judge a law to be unconstitutional, they must suspend it, in its entirety, providing a comprehensive legal argument to explain the reasons for its unconstitutionality.

New Section, Article F: The High Court
1. The Court shall consist of three justices.
2. Following each general election, the Justices shall elect from among themselves a Chief Justice, who shall be responsible for ensuring that all responsibilities of the Court are upheld.
3. Any citizen may bring a case before the Court. The Justices collectively shall hold the responsibility of deciding whether or not to hear the case. They may only deny a case if it accuses the defendant of an action which is not illegal under any law or statute which applies to them in the Union or which has been found legal by precedent of another case that, except for those involved, was identical.
3.1. Where a justice is the plaintiff or defendant in a case brought before the Court, that justice must recuse themselves from all involvement, except in the capacity of plaintiff or defendant. The Founder must then appoint a special justice to carry out their judicial duties for that case.
4. If a case shall be heard, the defendant must enter a plea of guilt, innocence, or no-contest within a week of the case's acceptance.
4.1. A plea of guilt or no-contest will skip a trial and move directly to sentencing.
4.2. A plea of innocence shall move forward with a trial.
5. Each case in which a plea of innocence was entered into the record shall be heard by a jury of three impartial citizens selected by the Justices. The following are prohibited from serving on a jury: the defendant, the plaintiff, and any citizen currently on trial or who has charges pending.
6. A maximum of two court cases may be heard at one time, based upon the seriousness of the accusation(s). A queue shall be created if more than two cases are pending.
7. The Chief Justice shall oversee all trials, unless they must recuse themselves. If this occurs, the Court may nominate any other justice who is neither indicted nor involved to lead the trial. Each trial shall consist of three stages: opening statements, witness testimony and/or the presentation of evidence, and closing arguments. The trial must be accessible for viewership by all citizens.
7.1. Opening statements shall consist of statements by both the plaintiff and the defendant presenting their respective arguments and an overview, from their perspectives, of the case at hand.
7.2. Witness testimony shall consist of bringing in outside individuals with firsthand knowledge of the alleged wrongdoing or lack thereof to testify. The presentation of evidence shall consist of the presentation of evidence to justify or refute the case at hand. Both the plaintiff and the defendant may choose to bring people or evidence forth for this stage.
7.3. Closing arguments shall consist of arguments by both the plaintiff and the defendant to reiterate their arguments. This may include refuting the testimony of witnesses or evidence from the previous stage. The defendant shall be entitled to deliver the last closing argument. Once closing arguments have concluded, the case shall move to the jury for deliberation.
8. The Jury shall have three days to determine, with a simple majority, whether the defendant is guilty or innocent. If they are considering voting guilty, a jury member must ensure that they have no reasonable doubt about that guilt before voting. Alongside their vote, they must provide fair reasoning for their decision.
9. The Justices collectively shall hold the responsibility of handing out a punishment to a defendant if they are found guilty or plead no contest.
9.1. Unanimous consensus among the justices (not including any recused justice(s), if applicable) shall be required to select a punishment for the guilty party. The Chief Justice must ensure consensus is reached on an appropriate punishment within three days of the guilty verdict. If a unanimous consensus cannot be reached by this deadline, a majority in favor shall suffice.
9.2. The punishment must be fair and appropriate for the crime committed, as outlined in Article J.
10. Any person convicted of a crime may petition the Court for a retrial based on new evidence or judicial precedent.
10.1. On appeal, the Founder will appoint a special appellate court of three justices to oversee the trial. The appellate court shall operate under established trial procedure.
10.2. No jury member who served in the original trial shall be allowed to participate in a new trial.
11. The Justices shall hold the sole authority to judge the constitutionality of federal (excluding the Constitution) law and state/territorial constitutions, per the hierarchy established in Article D. The High Court is the supreme authority on state/territorial law. For every law they review:
11.1. Majority and, if applicable, dissenting opinions on its legality shall be made public.
11.2. Each such opinion must provide comprehensive reasoning for its findings. If the majority opinion rules a law unconstitutional, that law shall be suspended in its entirety. State and territorial constitutions do not need to be suspended in their entirety; the majority opinion must specify which sections of the law are to be suspended.
12. The Court may issue writs of certiorari by a majority vote, which mandate that a lower court deliver its records on a case so that the High Court may review and rule on it. For retrials, the Court shall use established trial procedure.
13. The Court may issue subpoenas by majority vote.
13.1. When a subpoena involves government documents, the documents must be provided to the Court within three days.
13.2. When a subpoena involves an individual, that individual must appear before the Court and submit testimony within one week of the subpoena being issued.

Existing Section, Article G: Absences
1. A government office is considered absent when:
1.1. The office holder has lost citizenship.
1.2. The office holder has not spoken or performed their duties on the NationStates website, Force forums, or Force Discord server in at least 1 week.
1.2.1. If a government official anticipates an absence this long, in order to maintain their position, they must provide reasonable cause for it prior to the absence and designate another official in their area of government to take on their responsibilities. This shall not apply to the Court, whose members are subject to §G.6, regardless of the circumstances.
1.2.1.1. A House Representative may take a leave of absence of up to one week and retain their job. However, they may not designate another official to take on their responsibilities, and must notify the Speaker of the House prior to their absence with reasoning for said absence.
1.3. The office holder has resigned.
1.4. The office holder has been removed from office.
1.5. The office was left absent following an election.
2. In addition to the above conditions, an office in the House of Representatives shall be considered absent when:
2.1. The nation with which the office holder was elected is no longer present in the region.
3. In the case of an absence in the office of Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister shall assume the position of Prime Minister.
3.1. In the case that there is no Deputy Prime Minister or them choosing not to take the office of Prime Minister, the matter shall go to the House, who shall be responsible for choosing a new Prime Minister.
3.2. Any House Representative may nominate a member of the Cabinet or House for Prime Minister, provided that the nominee has agreed to their nomination. Both the nominations period and the subsequent vote shall last for 24 hours. The nominee with a majority of the vote shall become Prime Minister.
3.2.1. If no nominee receives a majority of the vote, a second vote shall be held in which only the two nominees with the highest vote totals remain. The nominee who receives a majority of the vote after 24 hours shall become Prime Minister.
3.3. If no nominations are made, an emergency election, following the same rules as a regular election, must be held.
4. In the case of an absence in the Cabinet, the Prime Minister must appoint a replacement within 7 days.
5. If all seats in the House of Representatives are vacant, an emergency election, following the same rules as a regular election, must be held if the next election for it is more than one month away.
6. In the case of an absence in the Court, the Founder must appoint a replacement within 5 days or choose to hold an emergency election for the position.
7. In the case of any other absence, unless otherwise specified by law, the office shall be considered vacant and no further action shall be taken.

New Section, Article G: Vacancies
1. A government office is considered vacant when:
1.1. The office holder has lost citizenship.
1.2. The office holder has not spoken or performed their duties on the NationStates website, Force forums, or Force Discord server in at least one week.
1.2.1. If a government official anticipates an absence this long, in order to maintain their position, they must provide reasonable cause for it prior to the absence and designate another official in their area of government to take on their responsibilities. This shall not apply to the Court, whose members are subject to §G.6, regardless of the circumstances.
1.2.1.1. A House Representative may take a leave of absence of up to one week and retain their job. However, they may not designate another official to take on their responsibilities, and must notify the Speaker of the House prior to their absence with reasoning for said absence.
1.3. The office holder has resigned.
1.4. The office holder has been removed from office.
1.5. The office was left vacant following an election.
2. In addition to the above conditions, an office in the House of Representatives shall be considered vacant when:
2.1. The nation with which the office holder was elected is no longer present in the region.
3. Should the office of Prime Minister become vacant, upon their agreement, the Deputy Prime Minister shall assume the office. Should they choose not to assume the office, the matter shall be deliberated in the House, which shall choose a new Prime Minister.
3.1. All Representatives shall be able to nominate citizens for the office, provided they agree to their nomination. A subsequent vote shall be held in the House, and the nominee who receives a majority shall assume the office of Prime Minister. Both the nominations and voting period shall each last one day. If no nominee receives a majority, a second vote, lasting one day, between the two nominees with the highest voting totals, shall be held.
3.2. If no nominations are made, or if a tie cannot be broken, an emergency election, following the same rules as a regular election, must begin within one week.
4. Should a vacancy arise in the Cabinet, the Prime Minister must appoint a replacement within one week.
5. Should all seats in the House of Representatives be vacant, an emergency election, following the same rules as a regular election, must begin within one week. If a seat allotted to a political party becomes vacant, that party may designate another individual to fill the seat.
6. Should a vacancy arise in the Court or should a proposed nominee be rejected by the citizens, the Justices shall collectively decide upon and nominate a replacement within one week. The Chief Justice shall make a public announcement regarding this nomination, and it shall be brought by the Speaker to the citizens for a vote. A simple majority in favor of the nomination, within four days, shall be required to confirm the nominee.
7. In the case of any other vacancy, unless otherwise specified by law, no further action shall be taken.

Existing Section, Article H: Elections
1. Stages
1.1. Elections shall begin with candidacy declarations, which shall be open for 3 days.
1.1.1. In midterm elections, registered political parties and independent candidates shall be able to declare their candidacy, with parties being required to provide lists of candidates for the allocated seats. They may only choose candidates from that list if they are allocated seats, unless extraordinary circumstances, such as an absence, or a list candidate leaving the party, require otherwise.
1.2. Following this, a debate, open to questions by all citizens, shall be held for 3 days.
1.3. The last stage shall be voting, which shall be held for 4 days.
1.4. Following the completion of one stage in an election, the next stage shall begin within 12 hours.
1.5. Should circumstances necessitate it, each stage may be shortened by up to one day. The length of a stage may not be changed once that stage has begun.
2. Voting
2.1. Voting for Prime Minister shall follow this process:
2.1.1. If there are two candidates, voters shall choose their preferred candidate and the candidate with a majority of votes shall be elected. If there are more than two candidates, voters may rank their preferred candidates. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked 1, their second favorite 2, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once. Only a voter’s last preference(s) may be marked as an abstention.
2.1.2. First preference votes shall be counted initially. If a candidate achieves a majority after this, they shall be elected. Otherwise, the candidate with the least votes shall be eliminated and the second preferences of that candidate's voters shall be counted instead. This process of elimination and counting next preferences shall be repeated until one candidate has a majority of votes.
2.1.2.1. If no candidate can be eliminated or more than one can be eliminated, the second preferences of all voters shall take the place of first preference ones. If a candidate has a majority of votes at this stage, they shall be elected. Otherwise, this process shall be repeated with each successive preference until it is possible to eliminate just one candidate.
2.1.2.2. If all of a voter's preferences have been eliminated, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.1.2.3. Abstentions shall not be considered in determining whether or not a candidate has achieved a majority.
2.2. The voting process shall vary between general and midterm elections for seats in the House of Representatives.
2.2.1. In general elections, residents of the capital, states, and territories may rank their preferred candidates to fill the seats indicated in §E.2.2. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked 1, their second favorite 2, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once. Only a voter’s last preference(s) may be marked as an abstention.
2.2.1.1. The total number of votes cast in each region divided by the number of seats allocated to that region shall determine how many votes a candidate is required to gain a seat representing it. If this is not a whole number, it shall be rounded to the nearest one. Abstentions shall not be considered when determining the total number of votes cast.
2.2.1.2. Each candidate who receives the required number of votes shall be elected.
2.2.1.2.1. In the first round, those candidates with the required number of votes in voters’ first preferences shall be elected. If any such candidate achieves more votes than required, then their surplus votes shall be transferred to their voters’ second preference candidates, or if these candidates have already been elected or eliminated, then to their third preference candidates and so on.
2.2.1.3. In the second round, if there are still unallocated seats and multiple candidates who have not yet been elected, the candidate(s) with the least votes shall automatically be eliminated. Votes for these candidate(s) shall be transferred to their voters’ second preference, third preference, or likewise ordered candidates until an unelected and uneliminated candidate exists to which the vote can be transferred. This round shall continue until all candidates have been elected or eliminated.
2.2.1.4. If all of a voter's preferences have been counted, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.2.1.5. This process shall be repeated with the capital and each state or territory until the total number of seats allocated are filled. If any allocated seats cannot be filled, they shall be considered absent as indicated in §G.
2.2.2. In midterm elections, Union residents may cast their vote for a registered political party or an independent candidate.
2.2.2.1. Each party and each independent candidate shall be allocated seats according to the total number of votes cast divided by the number of available seats and this calculation shall determine how many votes a party or independent candidate needs to gain a seat. Abstentions shall not be considered in this calculation.
2.2.2.1.1. An independent candidate may not be allocated more than one seat in this process.
2.3. In elections for Court Justices, ballots shall allow citizens to vote for or against each candidate. They may vote, at maximum, for up to five candidates if there are at least that many candidates for the position. Otherwise, they may vote, at maximum, for up to three candidates. The candidates with more votes for than against them shall be elected.
2.4. If for any reason, an election ends with no candidate holding a majority of the vote, whether by process of elimination or otherwise, another vote, following the same procedures and lasting one day, shall be held. If there is only one candidate in that contest, their seat shall be considered absent as indicated in §G.
2.5. If there is only one candidate for a position, voters must approve of that candidate with a simple majority in order for them to be elected.
3. Oversight
3.1. All stages of general and midterm elections shall be started, overseen, and run by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
3.2. The Speaker shall be responsible for ensuring the citizens of the Union are informed of the start of each election stage, no later than 12 hours after each stage has begun. They must ensure all citizens are notified both by telegram and on the Union’s regional Discord servers.

New Section, Article H: Elections
1. Stages
1.1. Elections shall begin with candidacy declarations, which shall be open for three days.
1.1.1. In midterm elections, registered political parties and independent candidates shall be able to declare their candidacy, with parties being required to provide lists of candidates for the allocated seats. They may only choose candidates from that list if they are allocated seats, unless extraordinary circumstances, such as an absence, or a list candidate leaving the party, require otherwise.
1.2. Following this, a debate, open to questions by all citizens, shall be held for three days.
1.3. The last stage shall be voting, which shall be held for four days.
1.4. Following the completion of one stage in an election, the next stage shall begin within twelve hours.
1.5. Should circumstances necessitate it, each stage may be shortened by up to one day. The length of a stage may not be changed once that stage has begun.
2. Voting
2.1. Voting for Prime Minister shall follow this process:
2.1.1. If there are two candidates, voters shall choose their preferred candidate and the candidate with a majority of votes shall be elected. If there are more than two candidates, voters may rank their preferred candidates. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked one, their second favorite two, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once. Only a voter’s last preference(s) may be marked as an abstention.
2.1.2. First preference votes shall be counted initially. If a candidate achieves a majority after this, they shall be elected. Otherwise, the candidate with the least votes shall be eliminated and the second preferences of that candidate's voters shall be counted instead. This process of elimination and counting next preferences shall be repeated until one candidate has a majority of votes.
2.1.2.1. If no candidate can be eliminated or more than one can be eliminated, the second preferences of all voters shall take the place of first preference ones. If a candidate has a majority of votes at this stage, they shall be elected. Otherwise, this process shall be repeated with each successive preference until it is possible to eliminate just one candidate.
2.1.2.2. If all of a voter's preferences have been eliminated, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.1.2.3. Abstentions shall not be considered in determining whether or not a candidate has achieved a majority.
2.2. The voting process shall vary between general and midterm elections for seats in the House of Representatives.
2.2.1. In general elections, residents of the capital, states, and territories may rank their preferred candidates to fill the seats indicated in §E.2. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked one, their second favorite two, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once. Only a voter’s last preference(s) may be marked as an abstention.
2.2.1.1. The total number of votes cast in each region divided by the number of seats allocated to that region shall determine how many votes a candidate is required to gain a seat representing it. If this is not a whole number, it shall be rounded to the nearest one. Abstentions shall not be considered when determining the total number of votes cast.
2.2.1.2. Each candidate who receives the required number of votes shall be elected.
2.2.1.2.1. In the first round, those candidates with the required number of votes in voters’ first preferences shall be elected. If any such candidate achieves more votes than required, then their surplus votes shall be transferred to their voters’ second preference candidates, or if these candidates have already been elected or eliminated, then to their third preference candidates and so on.
2.2.1.3. In the second round, if there are still unallocated seats and multiple candidates who have not yet been elected, the candidate(s) with the least votes shall automatically be eliminated. Votes for these candidate(s) shall be transferred to their voters’ second preference, third preference, or likewise ordered candidates until an unelected and uneliminated candidate exists to which the vote can be transferred. This round shall continue until all candidates have been elected or eliminated.
2.2.1.4. If all of a voter's preferences have been counted, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.2.1.5. This process shall be repeated with the capital and each state or territory until the total number of seats allocated are filled. If any allocated seats cannot be filled, they shall be considered absent as indicated in §G.
2.2.2. In midterm elections, Union residents may cast their vote for a registered political party or an independent candidate.
2.2.2.1. Each party and each independent candidate shall be allocated seats according to the total number of votes cast divided by the number of available seats and this calculation shall determine how many votes a party or independent candidate needs to gain a seat. Abstentions shall not be considered in this calculation.
2.2.2.1.1. An independent candidate may not be allocated more than one seat in this process.
2.3. If for any reason, an election ends with no candidate holding a majority of the vote, whether by process of elimination or otherwise, another vote, following the same procedures and lasting one day, shall be held. If there is only one candidate in that contest, their seat shall be considered absent as indicated in §G.
2.4. If there is only one candidate for a position, voters must approve of that candidate with a simple majority in order for them to be elected.
3. Oversight
3.1. All stages of general and midterm elections shall be started, overseen, and run by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
3.2. The Speaker shall be responsible for ensuring the citizens of the Union are informed of the start of each election stage, no later than twelve hours after each stage has begun. They must ensure all citizens are notified both by telegram and on the Union’s regional Discord servers.
3.3. If the Speaker is unable to perform these duties, the responsibility of doing so shall fall to the Deputy Speaker. If for whatever reason, the Deputy Speaker is unable to fulfill these duties either, the Founder shall be endowed with them.
4. General Elections
4.1. These shall be held to elect the Prime Minister and all capital, state, and territorial representatives in the House.
4.2. They shall begin on the first of March, July, and November.
5. Midterm Elections
5.1. These shall be held to elect the Union's representatives in the House.
5.2. They shall begin on the first of January, May, and September.
6. If an emergency election is held less than or equal to one month before a regularly scheduled election, the regularly scheduled election shall be canceled. Emergency elections for the House of Representatives must be for: all Union-wide seats, all capital, state, and territorial seats, and/or all seats in a regional constituency.

Existing Clause, §K.4.1
4.1. Only States may by law establish courts, all observant of due process and both state and federal law.
4.1.1. These courts may only try crimes which are illegal in that state, but not on a federal level. Only the Union High Court may try federal crimes.
4.1.2. Punishments for these crimes must be in line with the Union Constitution and may only remove privileges which exist within that state and not on a federal level.

New Clause, §K.4.1
4.1. Only States may by law establish courts, all observant of due process and both state and federal law.
4.1.1. These courts may only try crimes which are illegal in that state, but not on a federal level. Only the Union High Court may try federal crimes.
4.1.2. Punishments for these crimes must be consistent with the Union Constitution and may only remove privileges which exist within that state and not on a federal level.
4.1.3. State courts shall hold the power to judge legality, but only of laws passed within that state. They may not review the legality of the local constitution.


3
Consulates / Consulate of The Kingdom of Great Britain
« on: October 20, 2021, 08:10:02 am »




Official Consulate of The Kingdom of Great Britain to the Union of Force




4
Past Elections / Voting Results: Midterm Elections, September 2021
« on: September 12, 2021, 08:35:58 pm »
Voting Results: Midterm Elections, September 2021




Official Voting Results for the September 2021 Midterm Elections can be found here.


5
Media / Ministry of Media: Jobs Handbook
« on: August 15, 2021, 12:52:46 am »

6
Courtroom / High Court: Jobs Handbook
« on: August 14, 2021, 04:44:30 am »

7
Constitutional Amendments / Amendment 39: The Executive Overhaul Act
« on: August 03, 2021, 03:03:31 pm »
Amendment 39: The Executive Overhaul Act

Purpose: An Act to give the Prime Minister discretion in Cabinet appointments, solidify certain powers, and provide basic organization for the Executive.

Author(s): Renegalle

Existing Article, Article C: The Cabinet

1. The Founder of Force shall be the Union's head of state and the Prime Minister of Force shall be the Union's head of government.
1.1. The Founder shall be responsible for maintaining stability, overseeing the Cabinet, and stepping in to lead the Cabinet should the need arise.
1.2. The Prime Minister shall be responsible for actively leading the Union and Cabinet.
2. The Prime Minister shall appoint the Cabinet and have the power to remove any of its members, except for the Founder. They shall be responsible for, at minimum, appointing ministers charged with foreign affairs, internal affairs, media and culture, and roleplay.
2.1. A minister shall be responsible for maintaining existing diplomatic relationships and forging new ones, overseeing the signing of treaties, and ensuring The Force Flyer is distributed to all of them.
2.2. A minister shall be responsible for overseeing domestic matters, including Union recruitment, ensuring new members of the Union understand how the government works and all opportunities available to them, as well as producing any official publications and documents.
2.3. A minister shall be responsible for publishing The Force Flyer on a monthly basis, creating and running events for citizens of the Union to participate in, recording the history of the Union, and continuing old and forging new traditions.
2.4. A minister shall be responsible for managing the Union roleplay.
2.5. All members of the Cabinet may appoint deputies to assist them in their duties. If any deputy is delegated power or responsibilities through the administration of a formal oath affirming this, they shall be considered a government official.
3. Any military or intelligence forces within the Union shall be considered under the supreme command and authority of the Founder and Prime Minister.
4. The Prime Minister can nominate a Deputy Prime Minister to help oversee the ministries. The House of Representatives shall be presented with that nominee and must hold a vote lasting three days, until all House Representatives have voted, or until a majority of House members have approved or rejected the nominee. If the nominee is rejected, the Prime Minister may present a new nominee and restart the process.
4.1. The Prime Minister can dismiss the Deputy Prime Minister at any time for any reason.
4.2. The Prime Minister is held accountable for the Deputy Prime Minister's actions, and thus the Deputy Prime Minister is expected to be as professional as the Prime Minister.
5. The Prime Minister shall not have the authority to appoint a non-citizen to a cabinet position or otherwise.

New Article, Article C: The Executive

1. The Founder shall be the Union’s head of state. They shall be responsible for ensuring the unity and stability of the Union and advising and overseeing the Cabinet. The Founder may also be referred to as Emperor of the Union of Force or simply as Emperor.
2. The Prime Minister shall be the Union’s head of government. They shall be responsible for actively leading the Union and Cabinet and ensuring the proper functioning of government. They shall hold the sole power to create and dissolve ministries and other executive departments, appoint and dismiss ministers, other members of the Cabinet, and executive officials, except for the Founder, pardon or reduce the sentences of individuals convicted of legal offenses, and sign or revoke treaties between the Union and other sovereign governments.
2.1. The creation or dissolution of a ministry must be approved by the House of Representatives with a simple majority, after a three day voting period, once all representatives have voted, or once a majority of House members have voted in favor or against.
2.2. Pardons and reductions of sentences shall cancel or shorten a criminal sentence. The Prime Minister may not pardon themselves, their friends, or their associates in government. A combined total of two pardons or reductions in sentences may be issued each elected term.
2.3. The Prime Minister may nominate a Deputy Prime Minister to help oversee the ministries. The House of Representatives shall be presented with that nominee and must hold a vote lasting three days, until all House Representatives have voted, or until a majority of House members have approved or rejected the nominee. If the nominee is rejected, the Prime Minister may present a new nominee and restart the process.
2.3.1. The Prime Minister may dismiss the Deputy Prime Minister at any time for any reason.
3. The Executive shall consist of the Cabinet and its associated ministries, and any other executive departments.
3.1. The Cabinet shall hold regular meetings to discuss its progress.
3.2. At minimum, the Ministries must: maintain existing diplomatic relations and be capable of negotiating diplomatic settlements and treaties, oversee the recruitment and integration of new nations into the Union, produce official publications and other documents, including The Force Flyer, record the history of the Union, host events and celebrate traditions, operate a Union roleplay, and ensure active engagement in the World Assembly.
4. All military and intelligence forces within the Union are under the supreme command and joint authority of the Founder and Prime Minister.

Existing Clause, F.12

12. The Prime Minister may issue a pardon to anyone convicted of a crime, effectively canceling that person's sentence, provided that the person is not themselves, a close friend of theirs, or an associate in government. They may only issue a pardon once per term.

New Clause, F.12

8
Past Elections / Voting Results: General Elections, July 2021
« on: July 13, 2021, 12:10:44 am »
Voting Results: General Elections, July 2021




Official Voting Results for the July 2021 General Elections can be found here.


13
Announcements & News / Official Statement: June 1st, 2021
« on: June 01, 2021, 03:29:21 pm »

Official Statement: June 1st, 2021

We are now prepared to address the situation which occurred on May 29th. A series of different factors, including miscommunication, misunderstanding, and structural issues are all to blame.

Timeline

The Prime Minister of the Union, at 10:31 AM EST, began an operation to refound The Socialist Syndicalist Union, henceforth referred to as TSSU. They knew of a native operation to refound, but did not make this fact clear to anyone else involved in the mission. Thus, when the Founder came online at 10:51 AM, they approved of the operation and it went forward. We gained the region at the minor update and only then were we informed that TSSU had been trying to refound the region themselves. A member of the operation created a puppet, which they moved to TSSU. They made a post, which was soon deleted, but Krovx saw it before that and figured out that we were behind the refounding.

Having realized this, Krovx and another member of TSSU came into our Discord server with various questions about the operation. At 12:35 PM, the Prime Minister proposed offering a referendum on accession to the Union. The Founder had to leave around then, so the operation remained in limbo until they came back. At 1:43 PM, when the Founder returned, the Prime Minister again brought up this suggestion of a referendum. At first, the Founder opposed this idea, saying they’d vote against it, but eventually decided to go forward with it. The Prime Minister then released a statement announcing the operation and the Founder made the proposal directly to TSSU.

At 2:06 PM, Krovx, on behalf of TSSU (as Acting Syndicate Overseer) agreed to a referendum. Two minutes later, he changed this agreement to a conditional one – he would only agree if the people of TSSU were not opposed. We agreed to this condition and at 2:16 PM, the Founder went offline again. After this, a great deal of chaos would ensue.

Krovx went to the NSL (NS Leaders’ Server) and explained to a number of people what had happened. Many of them saw our actions as wrong and rapidly began to make conclusions about the whole series of events. This would later lead to embassy closures, condemnations, and even an attempt at a liberation.

At 5:13 PM, the Founder once again came online. Over DMs, the Prime Minister told the Founder about his stress and anxiety, which had come as a result of the harsh accusations made by NSL and the Founder immediately went into the server and began pointing fingers at people because his Prime Minister had been hurt and he wanted to get back at those responsible. Unfortunately, at this time, the Founder did not have all the facts, having only just come online and not read the conversation above, and it turned out his accusations were baseless. That being said, the Prime Minister does attribute what happened to him to his interactions on NSL, but not to anyone specifically and not due to personal attacks. The Founder apologized for making these accusations and the conversation ended. Shortly after, we handed TSSU to the Acting Syndicate Overseer.

The following day, attempts were made at releasing an official statement. Unfortunately, the people who had knowledge of the situation were for the most part busy and little progress was made. Later that day, the Founder went into the server, hoping to make some friendly conversation with other leaders to try and make up for what had happened the previous day. This worked for a while, but then he made a very poorly worded joke involving guns that some perceived as threatening. He has reiterated that he did not intend it as such, but did apologize for it and understands why it was perceived that way. In a separate conversation, he used a figure of speech involving hyperbole in an attempt to compliment someone on their profile picture, but this backfired and the person (and a number of others) took offense. Hyperboles are in common usage in Force, so the Founder did not think twice, but going forward, we will be more careful to not offend. The Founder apologized for this and has reiterated that his statement was neither meant to cause offense, nor did he have any reason to believe it would.

The following day, four different regions began closing embassies with the Union and four explanations were sought out. As of yet, only two regions have explained their embassy closure.

Official Position

In regards to these series of events, our position is as such:

We apologize for our failure to inform TSSU that we were attempting to refound the region. The Prime Minister, in his personal capacity, apologizes to TSSU and to the other members of the operation for failing to notify them of the native refounding attempt. We apologize for the ill-advised proposal for a referendum, which TSSU felt they had no choice but to accept, though it was just a proposal. We never intended to force them to accept it, but we understand that they got the impression that they had no other choice. Finally, we apologize for our failure to communicate or provide a unified narrative after these events occurred. This caused a great deal of confusion and anger, which has resulted in embassy closures and condemnations.

The refounding was attempted by us because TSSU had just been password-locked, with their Founder banning all natives. Thus, the region was set to be deleted and we wanted to refound it before, as we worried, a rogue region or individual might seek to do so. This does not justify the Prime Minister’s failure to notify the rest of the mission members of the native refounding attempt, nor does it justify our failure to communicate our own attempt to what remained of TSSU’s government.

Various officials have called our referendum proposal “not serious”, but neither the Founder nor TSSU knew or believed that this was the case. It was a poor decision to propose such a thing, especially under those circumstances, and we apologize profusely for having done so.

Going forward, we are looking to change much of how our command structure works. For one, the Union Armed Forces, which were charged with carrying out this operation at a time where they only existed legally and were not yet organized, will be properly organized, with a command structure put into place. This will prevent operations like this from happening in future without authorization from the top. It will also ensure operations of this type are well planned out, including plans for after their execution, which will prevent things like referendum proposals from being made. In addition, we will ensure any future attempts at refounding require communication with native leadership, to ensure we do not intercept a native refounding attempt.

The other area in need of changes is our Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From now on, when there is any sort of diplomatic situation or crisis, Cabinet officials and diplomats shall not be allowed to make statements without the authorization of the Ministry. The Ministry shall be required to provide them with talking points, explaining basic details of the situation and our position on them, and for bigger situations (or crises), an official statement. This will ensure unity in message and prevent other regions from misunderstanding either our position or what happened.

We acknowledge, as we do above, that we made many mistakes. These mistakes were in some cases errors of judgement and in others, merely a matter of poor communication. Regardless, they have resulted in consequences of a magnitude we have never seen before. In addition to the embassy closures, there have been calls for military intervention against the Union, something we strongly condemn because it is aggressive, unwarranted, and would do nothing but make this entire situation worse. We echo the call from TSSU’s Acting Syndicate Overseer to cancel the embassy closures which are currently underway. These closures, if they go through, will only force us further from the mainstream of the international community and make us more likely to align ourselves with those which many of you are hostile towards. Regardless of what happens, we are looking to reform ourselves because we do not want to end up in a situation like this again. We wish TSSU all the best in their efforts to rebuild and as stated by Krovx, are willing to offer whatever aid or support they need. We understand that it is our job to regain the trust of the international community and that is an effort which begins right now.



14
Bills / House Bill 61: The Provisional Voting Rights Act
« on: May 13, 2021, 11:40:45 am »
House Bill 61: The Provisional Voting Rights Act

Purpose: To enshrine in law the right to vote, pending a Constitutional amendment to make that right permanent.

Author(s): Renegalle

Article 1: The Right to Vote

1. All Union citizens shall have the right to vote in midterm and general elections, without hindrance. This right may not be revoked unless found guilty of a federal crime by the High Court, where the punishment involves the removal of this right.
2. Residents of each state and territory within the Union shall have the right to vote in local elections without hindrance, unless this right is revoked as a result of being found guilty of committing a crime in that jurisdiction, where guilt shall be determined either by the local Court, in the case of states which operate their own, or by the High Court, for all other jurisdictions.

15
Past Elections / Voting Results: Midterm Elections, May 2021
« on: May 12, 2021, 06:08:34 pm »
Voting Results: Midterm Elections, May 2021




Official Voting Results for the May 2021 Midterm Elections can be found here.


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