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Messages - Renegalle

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1
Clubs / Re: Force Flight Club
« on: October 25, 2020, 11:49:40 pm »
I will join!

2
Clubs / Clubs Policy
« on: October 21, 2020, 02:13:56 am »
General Club Rules and Guidelines



1. All citizens may create clubs by forming topics in this sub-forum for them.

2. Club topics must specify the leader of the club (if there is one) and whether the club is open to everyone or if people must be accepted into it. If the latter is the case, the topic must designate specific people who can accept new people into the club.

3. All clubs created must be in line with NationStates Terms of Service. No club shall be formed, for the purpose of or as part of its ideology, discrimination against anyone on the basis of race, sex, gender, sexual orientation, disability, national origin, or similar. All of these fall under Constitutional provisions allowing for the moderation of harassment, flaming, and complying with the terms of service of different platforms we use.

4. If all of a club's members no longer hold citizenship, the club shall be closed.



Official Club Status



1. All clubs, upon their initial creation, shall be considered unofficial. Clubs which receive official status shall be eligible for special perks, such as a Discord channel on the main server and the ability to get shout-outs in regional telegrams or other official mediums.

2. To receive official club status, a club must fulfill certain requirements. These shall be:

a. Membership - all official clubs must have at least 4 members and rosters of their members in their club threads.
b. Uniqueness - to receive official status, a club must be unique in a significant way from existing clubs.
c. No cults of personality - a club centered around a member(s) of the Union or its Discords shall not be eligible for official status.

3. In order to retain official club status, a club must fulfill additional requirements. These shall be:

a. Activity - in order to retain the status of 'official', a club must see at least 5 messages a week each from at least 3 different members.
b. Membership - official clubs must see net positive growth over the course of a month from their first recognition as an official club in order to retain official status. After this period, in order to retain their status, they must not drop below 4 members. All official clubs must additionally maintain up to date membership rosters in their club threads.
c. Follow the rules - if a particular club gets involved in a large number of rule violations, server rules or terms of service ones, their official status shall be revoked.

4. If a club loses official status for all reasons except 3c, they may regain it by getting 2 more members to join the club (above what they had prior to losing official status) and then be subject to status retention rules.

a. If a club loses its official status due to a violation of rule 3c and wishes to regain official status, it must petition the Minister of Culture or equivalent.


3
Parties / Re: Democratic People's Party
« on: October 21, 2020, 01:21:59 am »
Since the party leader has dissolved the party, this thread is being locked.

4
Executive Orders / Re: Executive Actions
« on: October 14, 2020, 10:22:50 am »
Appointment of The New States of Wales as Mayor of Citizens Alliance of Democracy



Effective immediately, under K.7 of the Constitution, The New States of Wales is made Mayor of Citizens Alliance of Democracy.


5
Executive Orders / Re: Executive Actions
« on: October 14, 2020, 09:58:26 am »
Appointment of Conservative Virtuous as Military Governor of Crazybloxian Empire



Effective immediately, under K.8 of the Constitution, Conservative Virtuous is made Military Governor of Crazybloxian Empire.


6
Executive Orders / Re: Executive Actions
« on: October 14, 2020, 09:36:08 am »
Annexation of Crazybloxian Empire as a Military Occupation



Effective immediately, under K.2 of the Constitution, Craxybloxian Empire is made a territory of the Union with status as a Military Occupation.


7
Executive Orders / Re: Executive Actions
« on: October 14, 2020, 08:42:13 am »
Annexation of Citizens Alliance of Democracy as an Elevated Province



Effective immediately, under K.2 of the Constitution, Citizens Alliance of Democracy is made a territory of the Union with status as an Elevated Province.


8
Settled Cases / Re: Salibaic Vs. Minister of Internal Affairs
« on: September 30, 2020, 10:26:54 pm »
The Case Log is available here.

9
Constitutional Amendments / Re: Amendment 27: September 2020 Reforms Act
« on: September 25, 2020, 06:40:34 pm »

11
Constitutional Amendments / Amendment 27: September 2020 Reforms Act
« on: September 19, 2020, 09:48:46 am »
Amendment 27: September 2020 Reforms Act

Purpose: In order to ensure a better functioning region, this Act hereby amends the Constitution in such a manner so that democracy and citizen participation is increased, loopholes are done away with, and efficiency in government becomes the norm rather than the exception.

Existing Section, Article A: Citizenship

1. All nations in the Union are citizens.
2. Citizenship shall entitle nations to the rights outlined in Article B.
3. Citizenship may only be removed by the Court as a punishment following a criminal trial. Rights of Citizenship may be removed by the Court for the same reason, but only temporarily.
4. Citizenship shall only remain valid as long as the citizen's nation remains in the Union.
5. Citizens shall hold the sole power to remove a Representative and shall do so by holding a democratic vote in which a simple majority is required to remove them. A public hearing must be held prior to the vote.

New Section, Article A: Citizenship

1. All individuals in the Union are citizens.
2. Citizenship shall entitle individuals to the rights outlined in Article B.
3. Citizenship may only be removed by the Court as a punishment following a criminal trial. Rights of Citizenship may be removed by the Court for the same reason, but only temporarily.
4. Citizenship shall only remain valid as long as the citizen's nation remains in the Union.
5. Citizens who voted in the last election for House of Representatives in the territory which a Representative represents and who currently reside in that territory shall hold the sole power to remove a Representative from office. They shall do so by holding a democratic vote in which a simple majority of votes in favor of their removal, within 3 days, is required to remove them.
6. Citizens shall hold the power to force a vote in the House of Representatives on any proposed House Law or Constitutional Amendment. At least five citizens must sign a motion putting forward such a proposal, after which the House shall be obliged to hold a vote on the legislation within one week.

Existing Section, Article B: Rights of Citizenship

1. The right to freedom of speech and free expression of political views.
1.1. This right shall not allow citizens to circumvent rules put in place on any offsite venue, as long as these rules are solely for the prevention of spam, flaming, impersonation, doxxing, harassment, to comply with a platform's terms of service, or similar.
1.1.1. Doxxing is defined as publishing private or identifying information about an individual without their consent.
1.1.2. Harassment is defined as repeated or continuing contact serving no useful purpose except to create alarm, annoyance, or cause emotional distress.
1.1.3. Impersonation is defined as deliberately attempting to mislead people to believe that you are a government official or a person who is a candidate for elected office.
1.2. Government officials shall be subject to restrictions on this right as it pertains to the release of information which if released, could threaten the safety and security of the Union.
2. The right to freedom of the press.
3. The right to protest freely and petition the government for the redress of any grievances.
4. The right to a fair trial.
5. The right to run for government office.
5.1. If a candidate in any election fails to answer all questions asked to them by the Founder or Speaker of the House within the debate period, they shall be disqualified from that election.
6. No citizen shall have to answer for a crime committed prior to that act being made criminal.

New Section, Article B: Rights of Citizenship

1. The right to freedom of speech and free expression of political views.
1.1. This right shall not allow citizens to circumvent rules put in place on any offsite venue, as long as these rules are solely for the prevention of spam, flaming, impersonation, doxxing, harassment, to comply with a platform's terms of service, or similar.
1.1.1. Doxxing is defined as publishing private or identifying information about an individual without their consent.
1.1.2. Harassment is defined as repeated or continuing contact serving no useful purpose except to create alarm, annoyance, or cause emotional distress.
1.1.3. Impersonation is defined as deliberately attempting to mislead people to believe that you are a government official or a person who is a candidate for elected office.
1.2. Government officials shall be subject to restrictions on this right as it pertains to the release of information which if released, could threaten the safety and security of the Union.
2. The right to freedom of the press.
3. The right to protest freely and petition the government for the redress of any grievances.
4. The right to a fair trial.
5. The right to run for government office.
5.1. If a candidate in any election fails to answer all questions asked to them by the Founder or Speaker of the House within the debate period, they shall be disqualified from that election.
6. No citizen shall have to answer for a crime committed prior to that act being made criminal.
7. No citizen shall be forced into military or government service without their clear consent.

Existing Section, Article C: The Cabinet

1. The Founder of Force shall be the Union's head of state and the Prime Minister of Force shall be the Union's head of government.
1.1. The Founder shall be responsible for maintaining stability, overseeing the Cabinet, and stepping in to lead the Cabinet should the need arise.
1.2. The Prime Minister shall be responsible for actively leading the Union and Cabinet.
2. The Prime Minister shall appoint the Cabinet and have the power to remove any of its members, except for the Founder. They shall be responsible for, at minimum, appointing ministers charged with foreign affairs, internal affairs, communications, and culture.
2.1. A minister shall be responsible for maintaining existing diplomatic relationships and forging new ones, overseeing the signing of treaties, and ensuring The Force Flyer is distributed to all of them.
2.2. A minister shall be responsible for overseeing domestic matters, including recruitment, and ensuring new members of the Union understand how the government works and know about all the opportunities available to them.
2.3. A minister shall be responsible for publishing The Force Flyer on a monthly basis and producing any other official publications and documents.
2.4. A minister shall be responsible for creating and running events for citizens of the Union to participate in, continuing old and forging new traditions, and recording the history of the Union.
2.5. All members of the Cabinet may appoint deputies to assist them in their duties. If any deputy is delegated power or responsibilities through the administration of a formal oath affirming this, they shall be considered a government official.
3. Any military or intelligence forces within the Union shall be considered under the supreme command and authority of the Founder and Prime Minister.
4. The Prime Minister can appoint a Deputy Prime Minister to help oversee the ministries responsible for foreign affairs, internal affairs, communications, and culture.
4.1. The Prime Minister can dismiss the Deputy Prime Minister at any time for any reason.
4.2. The Prime Minister is held accountable for the Deputy Prime Minister's actions, and thus the Deputy Prime Minister is expected to be as professional as the Prime Minister.

New Section, Article C: The Cabinet

1. The Founder of Force shall be the Union's head of state and the Prime Minister of Force shall be the Union's head of government.
1.1. The Founder shall be responsible for maintaining stability, overseeing the Cabinet, and stepping in to lead the Cabinet should the need arise.
1.2. The Prime Minister shall be responsible for actively leading the Union and Cabinet.
2. The Prime Minister shall appoint the Cabinet and have the power to remove any of its members, except for the Founder. They shall be responsible for, at minimum, appointing ministers charged with foreign affairs, internal affairs, communications, and culture.
2.1. A minister shall be responsible for maintaining existing diplomatic relationships and forging new ones, overseeing the signing of treaties, and ensuring The Force Flyer is distributed to all of them.
2.2. A minister shall be responsible for overseeing domestic matters, including recruitment, and ensuring new members of the Union understand how the government works and know about all the opportunities available to them.
2.3. A minister shall be responsible for publishing The Force Flyer on a monthly basis and producing any other official publications and documents.
2.4. A minister shall be responsible for creating and running events for citizens of the Union to participate in, continuing old and forging new traditions, and recording the history of the Union.
2.5. All members of the Cabinet may appoint deputies to assist them in their duties. If any deputy is delegated power or responsibilities through the administration of a formal oath affirming this, they shall be considered a government official.
3. Any military or intelligence forces within the Union shall be considered under the supreme command and authority of the Founder and Prime Minister.
4. The Prime Minister can nominate a Deputy Prime Minister to help oversee the ministries. The House of Representatives shall be presented with that nominee and must hold a vote lasting three days, until all House Representatives have voted, or until a majority of House members have approved or rejected the nominee. If the nominee is rejected, the Prime Minister may present a new nominee and restart the process.
4.1. The Prime Minister can dismiss the Deputy Prime Minister at any time for any reason.
4.2. The Prime Minister is held accountable for the Deputy Prime Minister's actions, and thus the Deputy Prime Minister is expected to be as professional as the Prime Minister.
5. The Prime Minister shall not have the authority to appoint a non-citizen to a cabinet position or otherwise.

Existing Section, Article E: The House of Representatives

1. The House shall consist of Representatives from each region in the Union, proportional to the total number of World Assembly members in each region.
2. The total number of seats in the House of Representatives shall be decided at the start of every House election. Each region will be able to elect one Representative for every 5 World Assembly nations they have.
3. The House shall hold the power to pass and repeal laws.
4. The House may pass or repeal any of its laws with a simple majority vote by its members in favor of the change.
5. The House may hold impeachment proceedings against any government official, except House Representatives, Cabinet Ministers, and the Founder.
5.1. Any House member may initiate impeachment proceedings by writing articles of impeachment specifying the official to be impeached and the reasons for why they are being impeached. If these articles are seconded by another House Representative, they must be put to vote.
5.1.1. The Prime Minister and Justices shall require a 2/3 majority vote of the House to be impeached.
5.1.2. All other government officials, besides those excluded from impeachment in E.6, shall require a simple majority vote to be impeached.
5.2. If the House passes articles of impeachment against any official other than a justice, those Articles of Impeachment shall go to the Justices for a vote on whether the reasons within those articles warrant removal from office. If the Justices vote with a simple majority in favor of removal, the official shall be removed from office.
5.2.1. In considering whether or not the articles warrant removal from office, the Justices must consider all factors: the specific circumstances, the opinion of the public on whether that official should be removed, and any other factors brought up in or related to the Articles of Impeachment. If the impeachment was for reasons other than breaking the law, the Justices must only consider those factors and not whether a law was broken, in choosing whether the official should be removed. Once they have come to a decision, the Chief Justice must write a detailed explanation of why they believe the official should or should not be removed from office.
5.3. If the House passes articles of impeachment against a justice, then those Articles of Impeachment shall go to the citizens for a vote on whether the reasons within those articles warrant removal from office. If the citizens vote with a simple majority in favor of removal, the Justice shall be removed from office.
6. Any member of the House may propose an amendment to this Constitution. Once every member of the House has had the chance to review the Amendment, the Amendment may be seconded and subsequently, sent to vote. If the House votes in favor of it, with a simple majority, it will then be sent to the citizens for a vote, lasting 4 days. If the citizens approve of the amendment with a 2/3 majority, the amendment will be sent to the Founder for approval.
6.1. If the Founder signs the amendment, the Constitution shall be amended and the amendment shall become law. In signing it, the Founder may fix any spelling errors in the passed amendment and that fixed version shall become law.
6.2. If the Founder vetoes it, providing reasoning for their veto, it shall not become law, with no option to override the veto.

New Section, Article E: The House of Representatives

1. The House shall consist of Representatives from each region in the Union, proportional to the total number of World Assembly members in each region.
2. The total number of seats in the House of Representatives shall be decided at the start of every House election. Each region will be able to elect one Representative for every 5 World Assembly nations they have.
3. The House shall hold the power to pass and repeal laws.
4. The House may pass or repeal any of its laws with a simple majority vote by its members in favor of the change.
5. The House may hold impeachment proceedings against any government official, except House Representatives, Cabinet Ministers, and the Founder.
5.1. Any House member may initiate impeachment proceedings by writing articles of impeachment specifying the official to be impeached and the reasons for why they are being impeached. If these articles are seconded by another House Representative, they must be put to vote.
5.1.1. The Prime Minister and Justices shall require a 2/3 majority vote of the House to be impeached.
5.1.2. All other government officials, besides those excluded from impeachment in E.6, shall require a simple majority vote to be impeached.
5.2. If the House passes articles of impeachment against any official other than a justice, those Articles of Impeachment shall go to the Justices for a vote on whether the reasons within those articles warrant removal from office. If the Justices vote with a simple majority in favor of removal, the official shall be removed from office.
5.2.1. In considering whether or not the articles warrant removal from office, the Justices must consider all factors: the specific circumstances, the opinion of the public on whether that official should be removed, and any other factors brought up in or related to the Articles of Impeachment. If the impeachment was for reasons other than breaking the law, the Justices must only consider those factors and not whether a law was broken, in choosing whether the official should be removed. Once they have come to a decision, the Chief Justice must write a detailed explanation of why they believe the official should or should not be removed from office.
5.3. If the House passes articles of impeachment against a justice, then those Articles of Impeachment shall go to the citizens for a vote on whether the reasons within those articles warrant removal from office. If the citizens vote with a simple majority in favor of removal within 3 days, the Justice shall be removed from office.
6. Any member of the House may propose an amendment to this Constitution. Once every member of the House has had the chance to review the Amendment, the Amendment may be seconded and subsequently, sent to vote. If the House votes in favor of it, with a simple majority, it will then be sent to the citizens, within one week, for a vote lasting 4 days. This vote shall be administered by the Speaker of the House, their Deputy, or a citizen to whom the responsibility is delegated if neither of the aforementioned are able to. If the citizens approve of the amendment with a 2/3 majority, the amendment will be sent to the Founder for approval.
6.1. If the Founder signs the amendment, the Constitution shall be amended and the amendment shall become law. In signing it, the Founder may fix any spelling, grammar, and formatting errors in the passed amendment and that fixed version shall become law.
6.2. If the Founder vetoes it, providing reasoning for their veto, it shall not become law, with no option to override the veto.

Existing Section, Article G: Absences

1. A government office is considered absent when:
1.1. The office holder has lost citizenship.
1.2. The office holder has not spoken or performed their duties on the NationStates website, Force forums, or Force Discord server in at least 1 week.
1.2.1. If a government official anticipates an absence this long, in order to keep their position, prior to the absence they must provide reasonable cause for it and designate another official in their area of government to take on their responsibilities. This shall not apply to the Court, who are subject to G.4, regardless of the circumstances.
1.3. The office holder has resigned.
1.4. The office holder has been removed from office.
1.5. The office was left absent following an election.
2. In the case of an absence in the office of Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister shall assume the position of Prime Minister. If there is no Deputy Prime Minister, or the Deputy Prime Minister chooses to not take the office, the Speaker of the House will become Prime Minister.
2.1. In the case of there being no Speaker of the House or them choosing not to take the office, the matter shall go to the House, who shall be responsible for choosing a new Prime Minister.
2.2. Any House Representative may nominate a member of the Cabinet or House for Prime Minister, provided that the nominee has agreed to their nomination. Both the nominations period and the subsequent vote shall last for 24 hours. The nominee with a majority of the vote shall become Prime Minister.
2.2.1. If no nominee receives a majority of the vote, a second vote shall be held in which only the two nominees with the highest vote totals remain. The nominee who receives a majority of the vote after 24 hours shall become Prime Minister.
2.3. If no nominations are made, an emergency election, following the same rules as a regular election, must be held.
3. In the case of an absence in the Cabinet, the Prime Minister must appoint a replacement within 7 days.
4. If all seats in the House of Representatives are vacant, an emergency election, following the same rules as a regular election, must be held if the next election for it is more than one month away.
5. In the case of an absence in the Court, the Founder must appoint a replacement within 5 days or choose to hold an emergency election for the position.
6. In the case of any other absence, unless otherwise specified by law, the office shall be considered vacant and no further action shall be taken.

New Section, Article G: Absences

1. A government office is considered absent when:
1.1. The office holder has lost citizenship.
1.2. The office holder has not spoken or performed their duties on the NationStates website, Force forums, or Force Discord server in at least 1 week.
1.2.1. If a government official anticipates an absence this long, in order to keep their position, prior to the absence they must provide reasonable cause for it and designate another official in their area of government to take on their responsibilities. This shall not apply to the Court, who are subject to G.4, regardless of the circumstances.
1.3. The office holder has resigned.
1.4. The office holder has been removed from office.
1.5. The office was left absent following an election.
2. In addition to the above conditions, an office in the House of Representatives shall be considered absent when:
2.1. The nation with which the office holder was elected is no longer present in the region.

3. In the case of an absence in the office of Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister shall assume the position of Prime Minister.
3.1. In the case that there is no Deputy Prime Minister or them choosing not to take the office of Prime Minister, the matter shall go to the House, who shall be responsible for choosing a new Prime Minister.
3.2. Any House Representative may nominate a member of the Cabinet or House for Prime Minister, provided that the nominee has agreed to their nomination. Both the nominations period and the subsequent vote shall last for 24 hours. The nominee with a majority of the vote shall become Prime Minister.
3.2.1. If no nominee receives a majority of the vote, a second vote shall be held in which only the two nominees with the highest vote totals remain. The nominee who receives a majority of the vote after 24 hours shall become Prime Minister.
3.3. If no nominations are made, an emergency election, following the same rules as a regular election, must be held.
4. In the case of an absence in the Cabinet, the Prime Minister must appoint a replacement within 7 days.
5. If all seats in the House of Representatives are vacant, an emergency election, following the same rules as a regular election, must be held if the next election for it is more than one month away.
6. In the case of an absence in the Court, the Founder must appoint a replacement within 5 days or choose to hold an emergency election for the position.
7. In the case of any other absence, unless otherwise specified by law, the office shall be considered vacant and no further action shall be taken.

Existing Section, Article H: Elections

1. Stages
1.1. Elections shall begin with candidacy declarations, which shall be open for 3 days.
1.2. Following this, a debate, open to questions by all citizens, shall be held for 3 days.
1.3. The last stage shall be voting, which shall be held for 4 days.
1.4. Following the completion of one stage in an election, the next stage shall begin within 12 hours.
1.5. Should circumstances necessitate it, each stage may be shortened by up to one day. The length of a stage may not be changed once that stage has begun.
2. Voting
2.1. If an election ends with no candidate achieving a majority, voting shall continue until one does. If that election has only one candidate, a fresh election shall be held.
2.2. All ranked choice voting shall follow this process:
2.2.1. If there are more than two candidates, voters may rank their preferred candidates. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked 1, their second favorite 2, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once.
2.2.2. The candidate with the majority of votes shall be elected. Abstentions shall not be considered.
2.2.3. If no candidate achieves a majority, an instant runoff shall be triggered. The second preference of those who voted for a candidate other than the two with the most votes shall be counted, then their third preference, and so on until a candidate has a majority of votes.
2.2.3.1. If the number of votes for all candidates is at parity, the second preferences of all voters shall be counted. This shall be repeated with each lower preference until two candidates have higher vote tallies than the others. H.2.2.3 shall then be followed as usual.
2.2.4. If all of a voter's preferences have been counted, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.3. In elections for House Representatives, ballots shall allow residents of each territory to vote for or against each candidate running for that territory's seat(s). They may vote, at maximum, for as many candidates as there are available seats, as indicated by E.2. The candidates with more votes for than against them shall be elected.
2.4. In elections for Court Justices, ballots shall allow citizens to vote for or against each candidate. They may vote, at maximum, for up to five candidates if there are at least that many candidates for the position. Otherwise, they may vote, at maximum, for up to three candidates. The candidates with more votes for than against them shall be elected.
3. Oversight
3.1. All stages of general and midterm elections shall be started, overseen, and run by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
3.2. The Speaker shall be responsible for sending a telegram to all citizens of the Union's capital region and is urged to send one to each of its states, notifying them of the start of each election stage. They shall do the same on the Force Discord Server.
3.3. If the Speaker is unable to perform these duties, the responsibility of doing so shall fall to the Deputy Speaker. If for whatever reason, the Deputy Speaker is unable to fulfill these duties either, the Chief Justice shall be endowed with these responsibilities.
4. General Elections
4.1. These shall be held to elect the Prime Minister, all seats in the House of Representatives except for those from the capital territory, and all Court Justices.
4.2. They shall begin on the first of March, July, and November.
4.3. Elections for Prime Minister shall follow ranked choice voting procedures.
5. Midterm Elections
5.1. These shall be held to elect the capital territory's seats in the House of Representatives and all Court Justices.
5.2. They shall begin on the first of January, May, and September.
6. No emergency election for a vacant office shall conflict with a regularly scheduled election for that same office.

New Section, Article H: Elections

1. Stages
1.1. Elections shall begin with candidacy declarations, which shall be open for 3 days.
1.2. Following this, a debate, open to questions by all citizens, shall be held for 3 days.
1.3. The last stage shall be voting, which shall be held for 4 days.
1.4. Following the completion of one stage in an election, the next stage shall begin within 12 hours.
1.5. Should circumstances necessitate it, each stage may be shortened by up to one day. The length of a stage may not be changed once that stage has begun.
2. Voting
2.1. All ranked choice voting shall follow this process:
2.1.1. If there are more than two candidates, voters may rank their preferred candidates. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked 1, their second favorite 2, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings. Each candidate may only be ranked once.
2.1.2. First preference votes shall be counted initially. If a candidate achieves a majority after this, they shall be elected. Otherwise, the candidate with the least votes shall be eliminated and the second preferences of that candidate's voters shall be counted instead. This process of elimination and counting next preferences shall be repeated until one candidate has a majority of votes.
2.1.2.1. If no candidate can be eliminated or more than one can be eliminated, the second preferences of all voters shall take the place of first preference ones. If a candidate has a majority of votes at this stage, they shall be elected. Otherwise, this process shall be repeated with each successive preference until it is possible to eliminate just one candidate.
2.1.2.2. If all of a voter's preferences have been eliminated, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
2.1.2.3. Abstentions shall not be considered in determining whether or not a candidate has achieved a majority.
2.1.2.4. If for any reason, this process of elimination does not result in a candidate holding a majority of the vote, another vote, following the same procedures and lasting only one day, shall be held.

2.2. In elections for House Representatives, ballots shall allow residents of each territory to vote for or against each candidate running for that territory's seat(s). They may vote, at maximum, for as many candidates as there are available seats, as indicated by E.2. The candidates with more votes for than against them shall be elected.
2.3. In elections for Court Justices, ballots shall allow citizens to vote for or against each candidate. They may vote, at maximum, for up to five candidates if there are at least that many candidates for the position. Otherwise, they may vote, at maximum, for up to three candidates. The candidates with more votes for than against them shall be elected.
3. Oversight
3.1. All stages of general and midterm elections shall be started, overseen, and run by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
3.2. The Speaker shall be responsible for sending a telegram to all citizens of the Union's capital region and is urged to send one to each of its states, notifying them of the start of each election stage. They shall do the same on the Force Discord Server.
3.3. If the Speaker is unable to perform these duties, the responsibility of doing so shall fall to the Deputy Speaker. If for whatever reason, the Deputy Speaker is unable to fulfill these duties either, the Chief Justice shall be endowed with these responsibilities.
4. General Elections
4.1. These shall be held to elect the Prime Minister, all seats in the House of Representatives except for those from the capital territory, and all Court Justices.
4.2. They shall begin on the first of March, July, and November.
4.3. Elections for Prime Minister shall follow ranked choice voting procedures.
5. Midterm Elections
5.1. These shall be held to elect the capital territory's seats in the House of Representatives and all Court Justices.
5.2. They shall begin on the first of January, May, and September.
6. No emergency election for a vacant office shall conflict with a regularly scheduled election for that same office.

Existing Section, Article I: Illegal Activities

1. Treason
1.1. Attempting to or successfully undermining the legitimate government of the Union or its allies.
1.2. Attempting to or successfully harming the people of the Union or the people of the Union's allies.
1.3. Attempting to or successfully raiding or illegally occupying a territory of the Union of Force or its allies.
2. Espionage
2.1. Attempting to or successfully accessing sensitive information without prior approval from the Founder or Prime Minister.
2.2. Attempting to or successfully sharing sensitive information without prior approval from the Founder or Prime Minister.
3. Conspiracy
3.1. Collaborating with one or more other citizens to commit any of the activities in this Article.
3.2. Collaborating with one or more foreign nationals to commit any of the activities in this Article.
3.3. Collaborating with a mix of citizens and foreign nationals to commit any of the activities in this Article.
4. Voting Fraud
4.1. Attempting to or successfully undermining the validity of an election through the creation of multiple accounts.
4.2. Attempting to or successfully undermining the validity of an election, referendum, or vote of any other kind by bringing in nations to vote for one or more specific candidates or ideas.
4.3. Attempting to or successfully undermining the validity of an election by means of something other than that mentioned in I.4.1 and I.4.2.
5. Malfeasance and Nonfeasance
5.1. Malfeasance shall be defined as wrongdoing or misconduct by a government official.
5.2. Nonfeasance shall be defined as a failure to perform one's responsibilities in any government office.

New Section, Article I: Illegal Activities

1. Treason
1.1. Attempting to or successfully undermining the legitimate government of the Union or its allies.
1.2. Attempting to or successfully harming the people of the Union or the people of the Union's allies.
1.3. Attempting to or successfully raiding or illegally occupying a territory of the Union of Force or its allies.
2. Espionage
2.1. Attempting to or successfully accessing sensitive information without prior approval from the Founder or Prime Minister.
2.2. Attempting to or successfully sharing sensitive information without prior approval from the Founder or Prime Minister.
3. Conspiracy
3.1. Collaborating with one or more other citizens to commit any of the activities in this Article.
3.2. Collaborating with one or more foreign nationals to commit any of the activities in this Article.
3.3. Collaborating with a mix of citizens and foreign nationals to commit any of the activities in this Article.
4. Voting Fraud
4.1. Attempting to or successfully undermining the validity of an election, referendum, or vote of any kind through the creation of multiple accounts.
4.2. Attempting to or successfully undermining the validity of an election, referendum, or vote of any other kind by bringing in nations to vote for one or more specific candidates or ideas.
4.3. Attempting to or successfully undermining the validity of an election, referendum, or vote of any kind by means of something other than that mentioned in I.4.1 and I.4.2.
5. Perjury
5.1. Lying or willfully deceiving a member of the Court or Jury during a trial or through the providing of fake or manipulated evidence.

6. Nonfeasance and Malfeasance
6.1. Nonfeasance shall be defined as a failure to perform one's responsibilities in any government office.
6.2. Malfeasance shall be defined as violating the Constitution or any other binding law in a manner other than specified in the preceding clauses.

Existing Article, Article J: Punishments

1. The crimes of treason and espionage may be punished with:
1.1. Removal of citizenship
1.2. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 2 years.
1.3. Temporary removal of the right to run for public office; for a maximum of 2 years.
2. The crimes of voting fraud and malfeasance may be punished with:
2.1. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 1 year.
2.2. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 2 years.
3. The crime of nonfeasance may be punished with:
3.1. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 6 months.
4. The crime of conspiracy to commit treason or espionage may be punished with:
4.1. Removal of citizenship
4.2. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 1 year.
4.3. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 1 year.
5. The crime of conspiracy to commit voting fraud or malfeasance may be punished with:
5.1. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 6 months.
5.2. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 1 year.
6. The crime of conspiracy to commit nonfeasance may be punished with:
6.1. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 3 months.

New Article, Article J: Punishments

1. The crimes of treason and espionage may be punished with:
1.1. Removal of citizenship
1.2. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 2 years.
1.3. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 2 years.
2. The crimes of voting fraud and malfeasance may be punished with:
2.1. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 1 year.
2.2. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 2 years.
3. The crime of nonfeasance may be punished with:
3.1. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 6 months.
4. The crimes of perjury and conspiracy to commit perjury may be punished with:
4.1. Temporary removal of the ability to participate as a witness or provider of evidence in any trial; for a maximum of 1 year.
4.2. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 6 months.

5. The crime of conspiracy to commit treason or espionage may be punished with:
5.1. Removal of citizenship
5.2. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 1 year.
5.3. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 1 year.
6. The crime of conspiracy to commit voting fraud or malfeasance may be punished with:
6.1. Temporary removal of the ability to vote; for a maximum of 6 months.
6.2. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 1 year.
7. The crime of conspiracy to commit nonfeasance may be punished with:
7.1. Temporary removal of the right to hold or run for public office; for a maximum of 3 months.


12
General / Re: Formation of an Official Moderation Team
« on: September 11, 2020, 10:06:39 pm »
New Moderation Team Selections



Good day. In order to expand the size of our moderation team and better cover other timezones, I have decided to appoint up to two new moderators. If you are interested, please apply using this application form:

Full Discord Username (including #xxxx):
Weekly Time Spent on Discord (in hours; give your best estimate):
Timezone:
Qualifications (non-government related; must be related to administration or moderation work):
Why you believe you would be an effective and impartial moderator:
Anything else you would like to add:



13
Executive Orders / Re: Executive Actions
« on: September 11, 2020, 10:01:52 pm »
Appointment of Sumeka as Justice of the Court



Effective immediately, under the auspices of G.5 of the Constitution, Sumeka is appointed as a Justice of the Court.


14
Elections / Voting Results: Midterm Elections, September 2020
« on: September 11, 2020, 09:45:08 pm »
Voting Results: Midterm Elections, September 2020




Official Voting Results for the September 2020 Midterm Elections can be found here.


15
Executive Orders / Re: Executive Actions
« on: September 08, 2020, 12:19:51 am »
Upgrading of Canterbury to Elevated Province Status



Effective immediately, under K.3 of the Constitution, Canterbury is made an Elevated Province.


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