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16
Constitutional Amendments / Amendment 12
« on: March 06, 2020, 09:21:36 pm »
Amendment 12: Court Reform Act

Purpose: To change how the Court functions in such a way so that proceedings happen in a clear, fair, and straightforward manner.

Existing Article, Article E: The House of Representatives

1. The House shall consist of Representatives from each region in the Union, proportional to the total number of World Assembly members in each region.
2. The total number of seats in the House of Representatives shall be decided at the start of every House election. Each region will be able to elect one Representative for every 5 World Assembly nations they have. If a region does not fill all of its seats in an election, the vacant seats will not be considered absent and thus, not subject to Article G of this Constitution.
3. The House shall hold the power to pass and repeal laws.
4. The House may pass or repeal any of its laws with a simple majority vote by its members in favor of the change.
5. The House may override an Executive Order from the Prime Minister with a 2/3 majority vote by its members in favor of the change.
6. The House may remove the following types of government officials for failing to perform their responsibilities, serious misconduct, or in response to majority support among citizens for impeachment.
6.1. The Prime Minister may be removed with a 2/3 majority vote of the House.
6.2. The Prosecutor may be removed with a 2/3 majority vote of the House.
6.3. The Judge may be removed with a 2/3 majority vote of the House.
6.4. Any other government official, with the exception of the Founder, Cabinet Ministers, and House Representatives, may be removed with a simple majority vote of the House.
7. Any member of the House may propose an amendment to this Constitution. Once every member of the House has had the chance to review the Amendment, the Amendment may be seconded and subsequently, sent to vote. If the House votes in favor of it, with a simple majority, it will then be sent to the citizens for a vote, lasting 4 days. If the citizens approve of the amendment with a 2/3 majority, the amendment will be sent to the Founder for approval.
7.1. If the Founder signs the amendment, the Constitution shall be amended and the amendment shall become law. In signing it, the Founder may fix any spelling errors in the passed amendment and that fixed version shall become law.
7.2. If the Founder vetoes it, providing reasoning for their veto, it shall not become law, with no option to override the veto.

New Article, Article E: The House of Representatives

1. The House shall consist of Representatives from each region in the Union, proportional to the total number of World Assembly members in each region.
2. The total number of seats in the House of Representatives shall be decided at the start of every House election. Each region will be able to elect one Representative for every 5 World Assembly nations they have. If a region does not fill all of its seats in an election, the vacant seats will not be considered absent and thus, not subject to Article G of this Constitution.
3. The House shall hold the power to pass and repeal laws.
4. The House may pass or repeal any of its laws with a simple majority vote by its members in favor of the change.
5. The House may override an Executive Order from the Prime Minister with a 2/3 majority vote by its members in favor of the change.
6. The House may remove the following types of government officials for failing to perform their responsibilities, serious misconduct, or in response to majority support among citizens for impeachment.
6.1. The Prime Minister may be removed with a 2/3 majority vote of the House.
6.2. A Justice may be removed with a 2/3 majority vote of the House.
6.3. Any other government official, with the exception of the Founder, Cabinet Ministers, and House Representatives, may be removed with a simple majority vote of the House.
7. Any member of the House may propose an amendment to this Constitution. Once every member of the House has had the chance to review the Amendment, the Amendment may be seconded and subsequently, sent to vote. If the House votes in favor of it, with a simple majority, it will then be sent to the citizens for a vote, lasting 4 days. If the citizens approve of the amendment with a 2/3 majority, the amendment will be sent to the Founder for approval.
7.1. If the Founder signs the amendment, the Constitution shall be amended and the amendment shall become law. In signing it, the Founder may fix any spelling errors in the passed amendment and that fixed version shall become law.
7.2. If the Founder vetoes it, providing reasoning for their veto, it shall not become law, with no option to override the veto.

Existing Article, Article F: The Court

1. The Court shall consist of the Judge and the Prosecutor.
1.1. The Prosecutor shall hold the responsibility deciding if enough evidence has been presented to warrant a trial. Once they have made a decision, a Jury will be selected. The Prosecutor shall have the power to draft charges against a Force Citizen in the event of any misconduct.
1.2. The Judge shall hold the responsibility of handing out a punishment if the defendant is found guilty. The Judge shall also be responsible for deciding whether any laws are illegal and suspending these laws if they are, whilst providing sufficient reason for why they are illegal.
1.2.1 The punishment must be fair and appropriate for the crime committed unless outlined in Article J.
2. A maximum of two Court Cases may be heard at one time, based upon the seriousness of the accusations. A queue will be created if more than two cases is pending.
3. The defendant shall be required to enter a plea of guilty, not guilty, or no contest.
3.1. A plea of guilty will skip the jury trial and move directly to sentencing.
3.2. A plea of not guilty will move forward with a jury trial.
3.3. A plea of no contest means that you do not admit guilt or innocence. The case will move before a judge for sentencing.
4. Each case which a plea of not guilty was entered into the record shall be heard by a jury of 3 citizens selected at random. The following are prohibited from serving on a jury: the defendant, the plaintiff, any citizen currently on trial or that has charges pending, any close personal friends, or any citizen which has served on a jury in the past 3 months.
5. The Prime Minister may issue a pardon to anyone convicted of a crime, provided that the person is not themselves or a close friend of theirs. They may only issue a pardon twice a term.
6. Any citizen convicted of a crime may petition the court for a new trial based on new evidence.
6.1. On appeal, the Founder will appoint a special judge to oversee the trial.
6.2. No jury member who served in the original trial will be allowed to participate in the new trial.

New Article, Article F: The Court

1. The Court shall consist of three justices.

2. At the beginning of each elected term, the Justices shall elect from among themselves a Chief Justice, who shall be responsible for ensuring that all responsibilities of the Court are upheld.

3. Any citizen may bring a case before the Court. The Justices collectively shall hold the responsibility of deciding whether or not to hear the case. They may only deny a case if it accuses the defendant of an action which is not illegal under any law or statute which applies to them in the Union or which has been found legal by precedent of another case that, except for those involved, was identical.

3.1. If a case brought to the Court indicts a justice, that justice must recuse themselves from involvement in all stages of that case. The Founder must appoint a special justice to temporarily fulfill their role for that case.
4. If the case shall be heard, the defendant is required to enter a plea of guilt, innocence, or no contest within a week of the cases acceptance.
4.1. A plea of guilt will skip a trial and move directly to sentencing.
4.2. A plea of innocence shall move forward with a trial.
4.3. A plea of no contest means that you do not admit guilt or innocence. The case will move before the justices for sentencing.
5. Each case in which a plea of not guilty was entered into the record shall be heard by a jury of 3 citizens selected at random by the Justices. The following are prohibited from serving on a jury: the defendant, the plaintiff, any citizen currently on trial or that has charges pending, any close personal friends, or any citizen who has served on a jury in the past 3 months.
6. A maximum of two court cases may be heard at one time, based upon the seriousness of the accusation(s). A queue shall be created if more than two cases are pending.
7. The Chief Justice shall oversee all trials. Each trial shall consist of three stages: opening statements, witness testimony and/or the presentation of evidence, and closing arguments. The trial must be accessible for viewership by all citizens.
7.1. Opening statements shall consist of statements by both the plaintiff and the defendant presenting their respective arguments and an overview, from their perspectives, of the case at hand.
7.2. Witness testimony shall consist of bringing in outside individuals with firsthand knowledge of the alleged wrongdoing or lack thereof to testify. The presentation of evidence shall consist of the presentation of evidence to justify or refute the case at hand. Both the plaintiff and the defendant may choose to bring people or evidence forth for this stage.
7.3. Closing arguments shall consist of arguments by both the plaintiff and the defendant to reiterate their arguments. This may include refuting the testimony of witnesses or evidence from the previous stage. The defendant shall be entitled to deliver the last closing argument. Once closing arguments have concluded, the case shall move to the jury for deliberation.
8. The Jury shall have 3 days to determine, with a simple majority, whether the defendant is guilty or innocent. If they are considering voting guilty, a jury member must ensure that they have no reasonable doubt about that guilt before voting. Alongside their vote, they must provide fair reasoning for their decision.
9. The Justices collectively shall hold the responsibility of handing out a punishment to a defendant if they are found guilty or plead no contest.
9.1. Unanimous consensus among the justices (not including a recused justice, if there is one) shall be required to select a punishment for the guilty party. The Chief Justice must ensure consensus is reached on an appropriate punishment within 3 days of the guilty verdict. If a unanimous consensus cannot be reached after 3 days, a majority in favor shall suffice.
9.2. The punishment must be fair and appropriate for the crime committed, as outlined in Article J.
10. Any person convicted of a crime may petition the Court for a new trial based on new evidence.
10.1. On appeal, the Founder will appoint a special team of 3 justices to oversee the trial. This special team shall operate under the normal rules for a trial.
10.2. No jury member who served in the original trial shall be allowed to participate in a new trial.
11. The Justices shall hold the authority to judge whether each law passed within the Union is constitutional or not. If not, they must suspend that law, in its entirety, providing a comprehensive legal argument to explain the reasons for its unconstitutionality.
11.1. A simple majority among the justices shall be required to find a law unconstitutional.
12. The Prime Minister may issue a pardon to anyone convicted of a crime, effectively canceling that persons sentence, provided that the person is not themselves, a close friend of theirs, or an associate in government. They may only issue a pardon once per term.

Existing Article, Article H: Elections

1. Election Procedures
1.1. The election shall begin with candidacy declarations, which shall be open for 3 days.
1.2. Following this, a debate, open to questions by all citizens, shall be held for 3 days.
1.3. The last stage shall be voting, which shall be held for 4 days.
1.4. If an election ends with no candidate achieving a majority, voting shall continue until one does. If that election has only one candidate, a fresh election shall be held.
1.5. All stages of elections for Prime Minister, House of Representatives, and Court shall be started by and overseen by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
1.5.1. The Speaker shall be responsible for sending a telegram to all citizens of the Union's capital region and is urged to send one to each of its states, notifying them of the start of each election stage. They shall do the same on the Force Discord Server. This, however, is optional.
1.5.2. If the Speaker is not able to perform these duties, the responsibility of doing so shall fall to the Deputy Speaker. If for whatever reason, the Deputy Speaker is unable to fulfill these duties either, the Prosecutor shall be endowed with these responsibilities.
1.6. All elections must begin between (including) the times of 00:00 and 23:59 on the legally defined date.
1.6.1. Following the completion of one stage in an election, the next stage shall begin within 12 hours.
2. Prime Minister Elections
2.1. Elections shall start on the first of January, April, July, and October.
2.2. If there are more than two candidates, voters may rank their preferred candidates. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked 1, their second favorite 2, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings.
2.3. The candidate with the majority of votes shall be elected. Abstentions shall not be considered.
2.3.1. If no candidate achieves a majority, an instant runoff shall be triggered. The second preference of those who voted for a candidate other than the two with the most votes shall be counted and so on until a candidate has a majority of votes.
2.3.2. If all of a voter's preferences have been counted, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
3. House Elections
3.1. Elections shall start on the first of January, April, July, and October.
3.2. Force and each of its territories with at least 5 World Assembly nations shall hold House Elections.
3.3. Each territory shall elect the candidates with the most votes to the seats available for that territory as indicated in E.2.
4. Court Elections
4.1. The Prosecutor and the Judge shall be elected.
4.2. Elections shall start on the first of June and December.

New Article, Article H: Elections

1. Election Procedures
1.1. The election shall begin with candidacy declarations, which shall be open for 3 days.
1.2. Following this, a debate, open to questions by all citizens, shall be held for 3 days.
1.3. The last stage shall be voting, which shall be held for 4 days.
1.4. If an election ends with no candidate achieving a majority, voting shall continue until one does. If that election has only one candidate, a fresh election shall be held.
1.5. All stages of elections for Prime Minister, House of Representatives, and Court shall be started by and overseen by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
1.5.1. The Speaker shall be responsible for sending a telegram to all citizens of the Union's capital region and is urged to send one to each of its states, notifying them of the start of each election stage. They shall do the same on the Force Discord Server. This, however, is optional.
1.5.2. If the Speaker is not able to perform these duties, the responsibility of doing so shall fall to the Deputy Speaker. If for whatever reason, the Deputy Speaker is unable to fulfill these duties either, the Chief Justice shall be endowed with these responsibilities.
1.6. Following the completion of one stage in an election, the next stage shall begin within 12 hours.
2. Prime Minister Elections
2.1. Elections shall start on the first of January, April, July, and October.
2.2. If there are more than two candidates, voters may rank their preferred candidates. Their favorite candidate shall be ranked 1, their second favorite 2, and so on as far as they wish to do rankings.
2.3. The candidate with the majority of votes shall be elected. Abstentions shall not be considered.
2.3.1. If no candidate achieves a majority, an instant runoff shall be triggered. The second preference of those who voted for a candidate other than the two with the most votes shall be counted and so on until a candidate has a majority of votes.
2.3.2. If all of a voter's preferences have been counted, their ballot shall not be used in further counting.
3. House Elections
3.1. Elections shall start on the first of January, April, July, and October.
3.2. Force and each of its territories with at least 5 World Assembly nations shall hold House Elections.
3.3. Each territory shall elect the candidates with the most votes to the seats available for that territory as indicated in E.2.
4. Court Elections
4.1. The three Justices shall be elected.
4.2. Elections shall start on the first of March, June, September, and December.

17
Citizen Proposals / [WITHDRAWN] Amendment 12
« on: February 20, 2020, 07:49:18 pm »
Amendment 12: The Citizens Act

Purpose: An act to delegate the power to remove government officials to the citizens.

Existing Article, Article A: Citizenship

1. All nations in the Union are citizens.
2. Citizenship shall entitle nations to the rights outlined in Article B.
3. Citizenship may only be removed by the Court as a punishment following a criminal trial. Rights of Citizenship may be removed by the Court for the same reason, but only temporarily.
4. Citizenship shall only remain valid as long as the citizen's nation remains in the Union.
5. Citizens shall hold the sole power to remove a Representative and shall do so by holding a democratic vote in which a simple majority is required to remove them. A public hearing must be held prior to the vote.

New Article, Article A: The Citizens

1. All nations in the Union are citizens.
2. Citizenship shall entitle nations to rights, as outlined in Article B.
3. Citizenship may only be removed by the Court as a punishment following a criminal trial. Rights of Citizenship may be removed by the Court for the same reason, but only temporarily.
4. Citizenship shall only remain valid so long as the citizen's nation remains in the Union.
5. The power to remove government officials from office shall rest solely with the citizens.

5.1. A vote to remove a government official from office shall require turnout equivalent to at least 1/5 of the number of Union World Assembly Members at the time voting begins.
5.2. A vote to remove a government official from office shall last 4 days.
5.3. In order to remove the Prime Minister, Prosecutor, or Judge, a 2/3 majority in favor shall be required.
5.4. In order to remove any other government official from office, except for the Founder and members of the Cabinet, a simple majority in favor shall be required.

Existing Article, Article E: The House of Representatives

1. The House shall consist of Representatives from each region in the Union, proportional to the total number of World Assembly members in each region.
2. The total number of seats in the House of Representatives shall be decided at the start of every House election. Each region will be able to elect one Representative for every 5 World Assembly nations they have. If a region does not fill all of its seats in an election, the vacant seats will not be considered absent and thus, not subject to Article G of this Constitution.
3. The House shall hold the power to pass and repeal laws.
4. The House may pass or repeal any of its laws with a simple majority vote by its members in favor of the change.
5. The House may override an Executive Order from the Prime Minister with a 2/3 majority vote by its members in favor of the change.
6. The House may remove the following types of government officials for failing to perform their responsibilities, serious misconduct, or in response to majority support among citizens for impeachment.

6.1. The Prime Minister may be removed with a 2/3 majority vote of the House.
6.2. The Prosecutor may be removed with a 2/3 majority vote of the House.
6.3. The Judge may be removed with a 2/3 majority vote of the House.
6.4. Any other government official, with the exception of the Founder, Cabinet Ministers, and House Representatives, may be removed with a simple majority vote of the House.

7. Any member of the House may propose an amendment to this Constitution. Once every member of the House has had the chance to review the Amendment, the Amendment may be seconded and subsequently, sent to vote. If the House votes in favor of it, with a simple majority, it will then be sent to the citizens for a vote, lasting 4 days. If the citizens approve of the amendment with a 2/3 majority, the amendment will be sent to the Founder for approval.

7.1. If the Founder signs the amendment, the Constitution shall be amended and the amendment shall become law. In signing it, the Founder may fix any spelling errors in the passed amendment and that fixed version shall become law.
7.2. If the Founder vetoes it, providing reasoning for their veto, it shall not become law, with no option to override the veto.

New Article, Article E: The House of Representatives

1. The House shall consist of Representatives from each region in the Union, proportional to the total number of World Assembly members in each region.
2. The total number of seats in the House of Representatives shall be decided at the start of every House election. Each region will be able to elect one Representative for every 5 World Assembly nations they have. If a region does not fill all of its seats in an election, the vacant seats will not be considered absent and thus, not subject to Article G of this Constitution.
3. The House shall hold the power to pass and repeal laws.
4. The House may pass or repeal any of its laws with a simple majority vote by its members in favor of the change.
5. The House may override an Executive Order from the Prime Minister with a 2/3 majority vote by its members in favor of the change.
6. Any member of the House may propose an amendment to this Constitution. Once every member of the House has had the chance to review the Amendment, the Amendment may be seconded and subsequently, sent to vote. If the House votes in favor of it, with a simple majority, it will then be sent to the citizens for a vote, lasting 4 days. If the citizens approve of the amendment with a 2/3 majority, the amendment will be sent to the Founder for approval.

6.1. If the Founder signs the amendment, the Constitution shall be amended and the amendment shall become law. In signing it, the Founder may fix any spelling errors in the passed amendment and that fixed version shall become law.
6.2. If the Founder vetoes it, providing reasoning for their veto, it shall not become law, with no option to override the veto.


18
Constitutional Amendments / Amendment 11
« on: February 20, 2020, 07:11:50 pm »
Amendment 11: Defense and Cabinet Reorganization Act

Purpose: To remove Defense as a Cabinet level position, delegate new authority for it, and restructure the Cabinet.

Existing Article, Article C: The Cabinet

1. The Prime Minister of Force shall be the Union's head of government and shall be responsible for actively leading it and overseeing the Cabinet.
2. The Prime Minister shall appoint the Cabinet and have the power to remove any of its members, with the exception of the Founder. They shall be responsible for, at the minimum, appointing Ministers charged with Foreign Affairs, Internal Affairs, Defense, Communications, and Culture.

2.1. A Minister shall be responsible for maintaining good relationships with embassy regions, overseeing the signing of treaties, forging new relationships, and ensuring The Force Flyer is distributed to all of them.
2.2. A Minister shall be responsible for overseeing domestic matters, ensuring new members of the Union understand how the government works and know about all the opportunities available to them, and working to improve territories.
2.3. A Minister shall be responsible for working to eliminate any foreign threats and maintaining a trained militia to protect the union if need be.
2.4. A Minister shall be responsible for publishing The Force Flyer once monthly and producing any other official publications and documents.
2.5. A Minister shall be responsible for creating and running events for citizens of the Union to participate in, continuing old and forging new traditions, and recording the history of it.
2.6. All members of the Cabinet may appoint Deputies to assist them in their duties. If any Deputy is delegated power or responsibilities through the administration of a formal oath affirming this, they shall be considered a government official.

3. The Prime Minister can appoint a Deputy Prime Minister to help oversee the ministries of Foreign Affairs, Internal Affairs, Defense, Communications, and Culture.

3.1. The Prime Minister can dismiss the Deputy Prime Minister at any time for any reason.
3.2. The Deputy Prime Minister will also assume the Prime Ministers jobs in the event of their absence.

3.2.1. If the Prime Minister is impeached, the Deputy Prime Minister assumes control until an emergency election can be held.

3.3. The Prime Minister is held accountable for the Deputy Prime Ministers actions, and thus the Deputy Prime Minister is expected to be as professional as the Prime Minister.

New Article, Article C: The Cabinet

1. The Founder of Force shall be the Unions head of state and the Prime Minister of Force shall be the Union's head of government.

1.1.   The Founder shall be responsible for maintaining stability, overseeing the Cabinet, and stepping in to lead the Cabinet should the need arise.
1.2.   The Prime Minister shall be responsible for actively leading the Union and Cabinet.

2. The Prime Minister shall appoint the Cabinet and have the power to remove any of its members, except for the Founder. They shall be responsible for, at minimum, appointing Ministers charged with Foreign Affairs, Internal Affairs, Communications, and Culture.

2.1. A Minister shall be responsible for maintaining existing diplomatic relationships and forging new ones, overseeing the signing of treaties, and ensuring The Force Flyer is distributed to all of them.
2.2. A Minister shall be responsible for overseeing domestic matters, ensuring new members of the Union understand how the government works and know about all the opportunities available to them, and working to improve territories.
2.3. A Minister shall be responsible for publishing The Force Flyer on a monthly basis and producing any other official publications and documents.
2.4. A Minister shall be responsible for creating and running events for citizens of the Union to participate in, continuing old and forging new traditions, and recording the history of the Union.
2.5. All members of the Cabinet may appoint Deputies to assist them in their duties. If any Deputy is delegated power or responsibilities through the administration of a formal oath affirming this, they shall be considered a government official.

3. Any military or intelligence forces within the Union shall be considered under the supreme command and authority of the Founder and Prime Minister.
4. The Prime Minister can appoint a Deputy Prime Minister to help oversee the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Internal Affairs, Communications, and Culture.

4.1. The Prime Minister can dismiss the Deputy Prime Minister at any time for any reason.
4.2. If the Prime Minister is impeached or absent as defined by G.3, the Deputy Prime Minister shall assume the position of Acting Prime Minister, which shall encompass all the duties and powers of the Prime Minister.
4.3. The Prime Minister is held accountable for the Deputy Prime Ministers actions, and thus the Deputy Prime Minister is expected to be as professional as the Prime Minister.


19
Past Elections / Voting: Prime Minister & House Elections, January 2020
« on: January 07, 2020, 12:25:07 pm »
Voting: Prime Minister & House Elections, January 2020

Voting closes on January 11th at 12:25 PM EST.



Making an Informed Decision

The candidate you choose matters. In a small democracy like this, a few votes can make all the difference between winning and losing. Thus, it is vital that you make an informed decision and choose the people you believe are best for the job. The Debate exists for exactly this purpose; you can find out what a particular candidate's views are on different issues, see how they would handle certain situations, and decide if they are truly competent and qualified enough to deserve your vote.

Relevant Law

1. Attempting to tamper with or interfere with an election in any manner is strictly prohibited. Any attempt at doing so will not go unnoticed and may result in the loss of certain rights (I.4 & J.2).

Official Ballot

Votes must be filed using this official form; other formats will not be accepted. Voting for the House of Representatives is only open to Force residents.

Your Nation:
Prime Minister: < Salibaic or Alemputo or Abstain >
Sumeka for House of Representatives: < Aye or Nay or Abstain >
United Nations of Colombia for House of Representatives: < Aye or Nay or Abstain >
Loomburg for House of Representatives: < Aye or Nay or Abstain >
Greatest Elysium for House of Representatives: < Aye or Nay or Abstain >
Libertatis Regalis for House of Representatives: < Aye or Nay or Abstain >
Lotria for House of Representatives: < Aye or Nay or Abstain >
Carropia for House of Representatives: < Aye or Nay or Abstain >


20
Past Elections / Debate: Prime Minister & House Elections, January 2020
« on: January 04, 2020, 11:55:11 am »
Debate: Prime Minister & House Elections, January 2020

Candidacy Announcements close on January 7th at 11:55 AM EST.



Brief Overview

The Debate period is intended to be a time in which citizens can assess the competence of candidates running for office and make an informed decision in the voting period that follows. All citizens may ask questions to the candidates and while the candidates are not legally bound to answering these questions, it is highly encouraged. Candidates are however legally bound to answer all questions asked of them by the Founder.

Candidates for Prime Minister

Salibaic
Alemputo

Candidates for House of Representatives

Sumeka
United Nations of Colombia
Loomburg
Greatest Elysium
Libertatis Regalis
Lotria
Killashandra
Carropia

Relevant Law

1. As a candidate, you are required to answer all questions asked to you by the Founder (Renegalle) during this Debate or you will be automatically disqualified (B.4.1).

Required: Founder's Questions for All Prime Ministerial Candidates

1. What makes you the best candidate for Prime Minister? What do you bring to the office which your opponent does not and why do you think you are better positioned to succeed in whatever you undertake?

2. How do you plan to address inactivity? Please provide a specific plan that addresses every aspect of government and community.

3. Who would you appoint to your ideal Cabinet (ex-members, people who would be ineligible, and people not necessarily willing to serve can be included)? Why would you choose these people and what specific things would they bring to each office that you consider to be most important?

4. If elected (or re-elected), how do you plan (if at all) to change the structure of the existing Ministries? Would you consider abolishing, creating, or merging any of them? Why?

Required: Founder's Questions for Salibaic

5. What has your biggest failure been this term? What caused it and how do you plan to avoid something similar from happening in future?

6. How do you plan, if re-elected, to pursue a more constructive working relationship with all areas of government?

Required: Founder's Questions for Alemputo

5. What, in your opinion, has the incumbent done well that you plan to expand on if elected?

6. As Founder, I find it very important to maintain a person to person relationship with the incumbent to discuss issues, ideas, and concerns. What would this relationship look like under your administration, should you be elected?

Required: Founder's Questions for All House of Representatives Candidates

1. Which House Bills do you plan to pass and/or repeal? Why?

2. In what ways should the Constitution be amended, if at all? Explain how the changes would improve the current system of governance.

3. What qualifies you to serve in the House? What makes this qualifying?

4. Do you think any changes should be made to existing House Procedures? If so, what changes should be made and why?

5. If elected, do you plan on running for Speaker? If so, what makes you a good candidate for this position and if not, who do you think would be a better candidate? Why?

6. Do you think the way in which impeachment works should change? Should the power to impeach rest with the House or should it perhaps be given directly to the citizens?

7. How do you plan to facilitate a better working relationship between the House and Cabinet? Why do you think this is the best approach?


21
Candidacy Announcements: Prime Minister & House Elections, January 2020

Candidacy Announcements close on January 4th at 11:55 AM EST.



Up for Election: The office of Prime Minister, 8 seats allocated specifically to the region Force in the House of Representatives, and 1 seat allocated specifically to the region RGBN in the House of Representatives.

Prime Minister

Responsibilities and Privileges: Taken directly from C.1 of the Constitution: "The Prime Minister of Force shall be the Unions head of government and shall be responsible for actively leading it and overseeing the Cabinet." The Prime Minister has the job of administering the entire Union and ensuring it enjoys prosperity as well as stability.

Term Length: 3 months

House Representatives

Responsibilities and Privileges: The House of Representatives holds three distinct powers: the ability to pass laws to complement and expand upon the Constitution (but not contradict it), the ability to begin the amendment process (all Constitutional Amendments must start in and be approved by the House, before going to the citizenry for a vote), and the ability to remove government officials who fail to perform their responsibilities adequately or misuse their power (including the Prime Minister and members of the Court).

Term Length: 3 months

Election and Activity Laws

1. Attempting to tamper with or interfere with an election in any manner is strictly prohibited. Any attempt at doing so will not go unnoticed and may result in the loss of certain rights (I.4 & J.2).
2. Following the closure of these candidacy announcements, a debate period will begin. As a candidate, you are required to answer all questions asked to you by the Founder (Renegalle) within this period or you will be automatically disqualified (B.4.1).
3. Inactivity will not be tolerated and you will automatically be removed from office after two weeks of inactivity (G.3). It is entirely possible that you could be removed from office by a vote sooner than that, especially if your absence goes unexplained or follows a string of prior absences.

Official Candidacy Form

Candidacy must be filed using this official form; other formats will not be accepted. The House of Representatives is only open to Force and RGBN residents.

Nation:
Region:
Position Seeking: (Prime Minister / House Representative)


22
Past Elections / Voting: Special Judge Elections, December 2019
« on: December 27, 2019, 10:10:09 am »
Voting: Special Judge Elections, December 2019

Voting closes on December 31st at 10:10 AM EST.



Making an Informed Decision

The candidate you choose matters. In a small democracy like this, a few votes can make all the difference between winning and losing. Thus, it is vital that you make an informed decision and choose the people you believe are best for the job. The Debate exists for exactly this purpose; you can find out what a particular candidate's views are on different issues, see how they would handle certain situations, and decide if they are truly competent and qualified enough to deserve your vote.

Relevant Law

1. Attempting to tamper with or interfere with an election in any manner is strictly prohibited. Any attempt at doing so will not go unnoticed and may result in the loss of certain rights (I.4 & J.2).

Official Ballot

Votes must be filed using this official form; other formats will not be accepted.

Your Nation:
Marcelli for Judge: < Yes or No or Abstain >


23
Past Elections / Debate: Special Judge Elections, December 2019
« on: December 24, 2019, 12:15:17 am »
Debate: Special Judge Elections, December 2019

Debate closes on December 27th at 12:15 AM EST.



Brief Overview

The Debate period is intended to be a time in which citizens can assess the competence of candidates running for office and make an informed decision in the voting period that follows. All citizens may ask questions to the candidates and while the candidates are not legally bound to answering these questions, it is highly encouraged. Candidates are however legally bound to answer all questions asked of them by the Founder.

Candidate for Judge

Marcelli

Relevant Law

1. As a candidate, you are required to answer all questions asked to you by the Founder (Renegalle) during this Debate or you will be automatically disqualified (B.4.1).

Required: Founder's Questions for the Judge Candidate

1. The Judge is responsible for deciding the punishment for a person found guilty, following a trial. You are required to do this with the advice of the Jury. Keeping that in mind, how would you balance your own thoughts on how harsh a punishment should be with the Jury's recommendation?

2. As you may or may not know, the previous Judge was under scrutiny for taking a while to determine the verdict in the case, Libertatis Regalis vs Salibaic. Do you believe it is more important to take your time when deciding the verdict, even if it means the guilty party goes longer without punishment, or do you believe it is more important to quickly decide on a verdict, even if it means the punishment may not be as suitable as otherwise? What factors would tilt this more in favor of one or the other?

3. The Constitution currently stipulates maximum punishments for guilty parties, but no minimum punishments. Do you believe minimum punishments should also be defined or do you believe it is more important that the Judge maintains wider discretion in coming to a verdict? Why? (keep in mind that the Judge has no legal power to change this stipulation)

4. The Judge (following the likely passage of a Constitutional Amendment) will be responsible for determining whether any laws contradict the Constitution. With this power in mind, what method(s) would you use to come to a decision as to the legality of a law? If a law was not necessarily illegal, but went against the character of the Constitution, would you consider that fair grounds for it to be overturned?

5. You are the only candidate for your position in this Election. Why should voters trust you to uphold the rule of law when no other candidate with better or worse qualifications is challenging you?

24
Clubs / Anime Club
« on: December 22, 2019, 12:03:38 am »

A club for anyone interested in anime, anime based or inspired music, and vtubers



Club Leader: Renegalle

This club is for the discussion of all different animes, from the most famous to the most obscure. From time to time, the club shall also make an effort to watch anime together, in order to build bonds and have fun.

In addition, our club now encompasses vtubers, a phenomenon which has gained popularity recent, and music from or related to anime (such as OSTs, OVAs, etc).




To join, simply indicate your interest by posting below or DMing, via Discord, any of the people mentioned below.

(Azerubia, Diabeetuss, and myself may accept new people into the club)




Official Membership Roster



Renegalle
Diabeetuss
Elysium
Azerubia
Sumeka
The Chariot
Oimatsu
Salibaic
Orogia
Ayko
Krovx Belgium
Friedrich



25
Candidacy Announcements: Special Judge Elections, December 2019

Candidacy Announcements close on December 23rd at 9:14 PM EST.



Up for Election: The office of Judge.

Judge

Responsibilities and Privileges: The Judge is responsible for overseeing court cases and depending on whether the defendant is found guilty or not, handing out a punishment, considering the advice of the Jury (F.1.2).  They shall also hold the shared responsibility, with the Prosecutor, of choosing a Jury (F.3).

Term Length: 6 months

Election and Activity Laws

1. Attempting to tamper with or interfere with an election in any manner is strictly prohibited. Any attempt at doing so will not go unnoticed and may result in the loss of certain rights (I.4 & J.2).
2. Following the closure of these candidacy announcements, a debate period will begin. As a candidate, you are required to answer all questions asked to you by the Founder (Renegalle) within this period or you will be automatically disqualified (B.4.1).
3. Inactivity will not be tolerated and you will automatically be removed from office after two weeks of inactivity (G.3). It is entirely possible that you could be removed from office by a vote sooner than that, especially if your absence goes unexplained or follows a string of prior absences.

Official Candidacy Form

Candidacy must be filed using this official form; other formats will not be accepted.

Nation:
Region:


26
Past Elections / Voting: Court Elections, December 2019
« on: December 11, 2019, 06:48:21 pm »
Voting: Court Elections, December 2019

Voting closes on December 15th at 6:49 PM EST.



Making an Informed Decision

The candidate you choose matters. In a small democracy like this, a few votes can make all the difference between winning and losing. Thus, it is vital that you make an informed decision and choose the people you believe are best for the job. The Debate exists for exactly this purpose; you can find out what a particular candidate's views are on different issues, see how they would handle certain situations, and decide if they are truly competent and qualified enough to deserve your vote.

Relevant Law

1. Attempting to tamper with or interfere with an election in any manner is strictly prohibited. Any attempt at doing so will not go unnoticed and may result in the loss of certain rights (I.4 & J.2).

Official Ballot

Votes must be filed using this official form; other formats will not be accepted.

Your Nation:
Farallaracks for Prosecutor: < Yes or No or Abstain >


27
Past Elections / Debate: Court Elections, December 2019
« on: December 08, 2019, 02:46:34 pm »
Debate: Court Elections, December 2019

Debate closes on December 11th at 2:47 PM EST.



Brief Overview

The Debate period is intended to be a time in which citizens can assess the competence of candidates running for office and make an informed decision in the voting period that follows. All citizens may ask questions to the candidates and while the candidates are not legally bound to answering these questions, it is highly encouraged. Candidates are however legally bound to answer all questions asked of them by the Founder.

Candidate for Prosecutor

Farallaracks

Candidate for Judge

Marcelli

Relevant Law

1. As a candidate, you are required to answer all questions asked to you by the Founder (Renegalle) during this Debate or you will be automatically disqualified (B.4.1).

Required: Founder's Questions for All Prosecutor Candidates

1. The Prosecutor is responsible for determining whether any laws contradict the Constitution. With this power in mind, what method(s) would you use to come to a decision as to the legality of a law? If a law was not necessarily illegal, but went against the character of the Constitution, would you consider that fair grounds for it to be overturned?

2. As Prosecutor, you are responsible for determining whether or not a case should be accepted for Court review. What laws and/or reasons would you use to justify choosing to deny the hearing of a case and why? (Cite the law and/or past precedent as necessary)

Required: Founder's Questions for All Judge Candidates

1. The Judge is responsible for deciding the punishment for a person found guilty, following a trial. You are required to do this with the advice of the Jury. Keeping that in mind, how would you balance your own thoughts on how harsh a punishment should be with the Jury's recommendation?

2. As you may or may not know, the previous Judge was under scrutiny for taking a while to determine the verdict in the case, Libertatis Regalis vs Salibaic. Do you believe it is more important to take your time when deciding the verdict, even if it means the guilty party goes longer without punishment, or do you believe it is more important to quickly decide on a verdict, even if it means the punishment may not be as suitable as otherwise? What factors would tilt this more in favor of one or the other?

3. The Constitution currently stipulates maximum punishments for guilty parties, but no minimum punishments. Do you believe minimum punishments should also be defined or do you believe it is more important that the Judge maintains wider discretion in coming to a verdict? Why? (keep in mind that the Judge has no legal power to change this stipulation)

Required: Founder's Question for All Candidates

1. You are the only candidate for your position in this Election. Why should voters trust you to uphold the rule of law when no other candidate with better or worse qualifications is challenging you?

28
Past Elections / Candidacy Announcements: Court Elections, December 2019
« on: December 02, 2019, 05:32:45 pm »
Candidacy Announcements: Court Elections, December 2019

Candidacy Announcements close on December 5th at 5:33 PM EST.



Up for Election: The offices of Prosecutor and Judge.

Prosecutor

Responsibilities and Privileges: The Prosecutor is responsible for determining whether cases brought to the Court shall be pursued and provide reasoning for their decision. Besides that, they are responsible for reviewing all new laws (House, Executive, and Diplomatic) to determine their legality and strike them down if they determine them to be illegal (while providing reason for why that is the case) (F.1.1). They shall also hold the shared responsibility, with the Judge, of choosing a Jury (F.3).

Term Length: 6 months

Judge

Responsibilities and Privileges: The Judge is responsible for overseeing court cases and depending on whether the defendant is found guilty or not, handing out a punishment, considering the advice of the Jury (F.1.2).  They shall also hold the shared responsibility, with the Prosecutor, of choosing a Jury (F.3).

Term Length: 6 months

Election and Activity Laws

1. Attempting to tamper with or interfere with an election in any manner is strictly prohibited. Any attempt at doing so will not go unnoticed and may result in the loss of certain rights (I.4 & J.2).
2. Following the closure of these candidacy announcements, a debate period will begin. As a candidate, you are required to answer all questions asked to you by the Founder (Renegalle) within this period or you will be automatically disqualified (B.4.1).
3. Inactivity will not be tolerated and you will automatically be removed from office after two weeks of inactivity (G.3). It is entirely possible that you could be removed from office by a vote sooner than that, especially if your absence goes unexplained or follows a string of prior absences.

Official Candidacy Form

Candidacy must be filed using this official form; other formats will not be accepted.

Nation:
Region:
Position Seeking: (Prosecutor / Judge)


29
Past Elections / Voting: House Elections, November 2019
« on: November 27, 2019, 08:49:52 pm »
Voting: House Elections, November 2019

Voting closes on December 1st at 8:49 PM EST.



Making an Informed Decision

The candidate you choose matters. In a small democracy like this, a few votes can make all the difference between winning and losing. Thus, it is vital that you make an informed decision and choose the people you believe are best for the job. The Debate exists for exactly this purpose; you can find out what a particular candidate's views are on different issues, see how they would handle certain situations, and decide if they are truly competent and qualified enough to deserve your vote.

Relevant Law

1. Attempting to tamper with or interfere with an election in any manner is strictly prohibited. Any attempt at doing so will not go unnoticed and may result in the loss of certain rights (I.4 & J.2).

Official Ballot

Votes must be filed using this official form; other formats will not be accepted. Voting for the House of Representatives is only open to Force residents.

Your Nation:
House of Representatives: < Lotria or Carropia or Abstain >


30
Past Elections / Voting: Prime Minister & House Elections, October 2019
« on: October 11, 2019, 10:00:13 pm »
Voting: Prime Minister & House Elections, October 2019

Voting closes on October 15th at 10:00 PM EST.



Making an Informed Decision

The candidate you choose matters. In a small democracy like this, a few votes can make all the difference between winning and losing. Thus, it is vital that you make an informed decision and choose the people you believe are best for the job. The Debate exists for exactly this purpose; you can find out what a particular candidate's views are on different issues, see how they would handle certain situations, and decide if they are truly competent and qualified enough to deserve your vote.

Relevant Law

1. Attempting to tamper with or interfere with an election in any manner is strictly prohibited. Any attempt at doing so will not go unnoticed and may result in the loss of certain rights (I.4 & J.2).

Official Ballot

Votes must be filed using this official form; other formats will not be accepted. Voting for the House of Representatives is only open to Force residents.

Your Nation:
Prime Minister: < Salibaic or The Chariot or Abstain >
Atharia for House of Representatives: < Aye or Nay >
Loomburg for House of Representatives: < Aye or Nay >
Libertatis Regalis for House of Representatives: < Aye or Nay >


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